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Advances in Agriculture
Volume 2017, Article ID 6354250, 6 pages
Research Article

Study on the Beekeeping Situation, the Level of Beekeepers Knowledge Concerning Local Honeybee Subspecies, Their Productive Characteristics, and Behavior in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia

1Department of Animal Production and Technology, Bahir Dar University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, P.O. Box 5501, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
2International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Correspondence should be addressed to Tessema Aynalem Abejew; moc.liamg@melanyaamesset

Received 4 November 2016; Revised 23 February 2017; Accepted 15 March 2017; Published 29 March 2017

Academic Editor: Innocenzo Muzzalupo

Copyright © 2017 Tessema Aynalem Abejew and Zeleke Mekuriaw Zeleke. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study was undertaken in Amhara National Regional State, northeastern zones of Ethiopia in 2013/2014. The objectives of the study were to identify the existing local honeybees and their productive characteristics and behavior and generate baseline information for further research and development. Out of two zones, three potential districts have been purposively selected based on their potential. A total of 260 beekeepers personal interviewees were administered using structured and semi-structured questionnaires. The study was designed to address behavioral characteristics and productivities of different local honeybees. About 98.8% of interviewees were male and about 73.9% were at stages of literacy ranging from read and write to diploma level. Nearly 73.4% of beekeepers have more than 5 years of beekeeping experience. The average honeybee colony holding was 4.6 in highlands, 2.8 in mid altitude, and 2.7 in lowlands. About 34% of respondents harvest honey more than two times a year. Based on the honeybees individual color appearance, aggressiveness, and honey productivity, about 36.7% of the respondents have identified three local honeybee types, namely, brown red, black, and mixed. Brown red colored honeybee ecotype has been selected as best due to their better honey production, low aggressiveness, and relatively high reproductive swarming tendency.