Table of Contents
Advances in Artificial Intelligence
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 325703, 24 pages
Research Article

Study on Similarity among Indian Languages Using Language Verification Framework

Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302, India

Received 27 August 2014; Accepted 23 April 2015

Academic Editor: Francesco Buccafurri

Copyright © 2015 Debapriya Sengupta and Goutam Saha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Majority of Indian languages have originated from two language families, namely, Indo-European and Dravidian. Therefore, certain kind of similarity among languages of a particular family can be expected to exist. Also, languages spoken in neighboring regions show certain similarity since there happens to be a lot of intermingling between population of neighboring regions. This paper develops a technique to measure similarity among Indian languages in a novel way, using language verification framework. Four verification systems are designed for each language. Acceptance of one language as another, which relates to false acceptance in language verification framework, is used as a measure of similarity. If language A shows false acceptance more than a predefined threshold with language B, in at least three out of the four systems, then languages A and B are considered to be similar in this work. It is expected that the languages belonging to the same family should manifest their similarity in experimental results. Also, similarity between neighboring languages should be detected through experiments. Any deviation from such fact should be due to specific linguistic or historical reasons. This work analyzes any such scenario.