Table of Contents
Advances in Anesthesiology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 9243587, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9243587
Research Article

Medication Errors among Physician-Assistants Anaesthesia

1Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, University of Cape Coast, School of Medical Sciences, Cape Coast, Ghana
2Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, School of Medical Sciences, Kumasi, Ghana
3Department of Surgery, Eye Unit, University of Ghana Medical School, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana

Received 16 December 2015; Revised 23 February 2016; Accepted 6 March 2016

Academic Editor: Jukka Kortelainen

Copyright © 2016 G. Amponsah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Safety issues in anaesthesia are currently being discussed widely. Anaesthetists have a unique cross-specialty opportunity to influence the safety and quality of patient care. Anaesthetists administer very potent drugs, in rapid succession, during the course of one anaesthesia event. Methodology. The study was done in April 2013 at the annual refresher course of the Physician-Assistants Anaesthesia using a questionnaire which was completed by the participants on the course. The data was analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics software version 20. Results. There were 164 completed questionnaires, with 92 (62.2%) males and 56 (37.8%) females with a mean age of 32.3 years. The majority of them (66.5%) work in government hospitals. One hundred and seven (65.3%) have had an episode of medication error with 101 (94.4%) experiencing it between 1 and 5 times. The incident occurred in the afternoon or at night in 73 (71.7%) cases. The commonest type of incident was the administration of wrong drug which occurred on 64 (71.9%) occasions resulting in 3 deaths. The contributing factors included distraction, tiredness, and overreliance on vial/ampoule colour. Conclusion. Medication errors among Physician-Assistants Anaesthesia are not uncommon leading to harm and even death of patients. The rate of medication errors can be minimised by addressing some of the contributory factors raised by the respondents.