Table of Contents
Advances in Anatomy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 940472, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/940472
Review Article

Human Bodies Bequest Program: A Wake-Up Call to Tanzanian Medical Schools

1Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS), P.O. Box 1464, Bugando, Mwanza, Tanzania
2Department of Anatomy, Peramiho School of Medicine, Archbishop James University (AJUCO), Songea, Tanzania
3Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS), Bugando, Mwanza, Tanzania
4Department of Library Service, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS), Bugando, Mwanza, Tanzania
5Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Saint Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences (SFUCHAS), Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania

Received 4 August 2014; Revised 6 October 2014; Accepted 24 October 2014; Published 18 November 2014

Academic Editor: Luis-Alfonso Arráez-Aybar

Copyright © 2014 Erick J. Mazyala et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L.-A. Arráez-Aybar, I. Sánchez-Montesinos, R.-M. Mirapeix, B. Mompeo-Corredera, and J.-R. Sañudo-Tejero, “Relevance of human anatomy in daily clinical practice,” Annals of Anatomy, vol. 192, no. 6, pp. 341–348, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. L. A. Arráez-Aybar, J. L. Bueno-López, and B. J. Moxham, “Anatomists’ views on human body dissection and donation: an international survey,” Annals of Anatomy—Anatomischer Anzeiger, vol. 196, no. 6, pp. 376–386, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Cornwall, G. F. Perry, G. Louw, and M. D. Stringer, “Who donates their body to science? An international, multicenter, prospective study,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 208–216, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. B. EwonuBari, J. T. Watson, D. S. Amaza, N. M. Madueke, A. A. Donatus, and O. E. Effiong, “Problems and prospects of acquistion of human cadaver for medical education in Nigeria,” Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 1134–1136, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. B. Akinola, “Formal body bequest program in Nigerian medical schools: when do we start?” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 239–242, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Gangata, P. Ntaba, P. Akol, and G. Louw, “The reliance on unclaimed cadavers for anatomical teaching by medical schools in Africa,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 174–183, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Osuagwu C, I. Imosemi O, and W. Oladejo O, “Sources of cadaver used for dissection at the Ibadan medical school, Nigeria—analysis of a three-year data,” African Journal of Biomedical Research, vol. 7, pp. 93–95, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  8. D. G. Jones and M. I. Whitaker, “Anatomy's use of unclaimed bodies: reasons against continued dependence on an ethically dubious practice,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 246–254, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. P. Gatica-Araneda and P. Alfaro-Toloza, “Donation of bodies for anatomy teaching in Chile,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 7, no. 3, p. 248, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. C. Halperin, “The poor, the black, and the marginalized as the source of cadavers in United States anatomical education,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 489–495, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. C. Humphrey, “Dissection and discrimination: the social origins of cadavers in America, 1760–1915,” Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 819–825, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. A. Rokade and B. H. Bahetee, “Body donation in India: a review,” International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 173–177, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Prakash, L. V. Prabhu, A. V. Ranade, S. Madhyastha, and G. Singh, “Donation of bodies for cadaveric dissection in medical colleges,” Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, vol. 6, pp. 17–19, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Anteby and M. Hyman, “Entrepreneurial ventures and whole-body donations: a regional perspective from the United States,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 963–969, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Hildebrandt, “Lessons to be learned from the history of anatomical teaching in the united states: the example of the university of michigan,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 3, pp. 202–212, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. H. Raphael, “From sacrilege to privilege: the tale of body procurement for anatomical dissection in the United States,” The Einstein Journal of Biology and Medicine, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 23, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. L. Zhang, M. Xiao, M. Gu, Y. Zhang, J. Jin, and J. Ding, “An overview of the roles and responsibilities of Chinese medical colleges in body donation programs,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 7, pp. 312–320, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Notzer, D. Zisenwine, L. Oz, and Y. Rak, “Overcoming the tension between scientific and religious views in teaching anatomical dissection: the Israeli experience,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 442–447, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Famau, Tanzania arrests over Dar es Salaam body parts dump, BBC News Africa, July 2014, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-28416845.
  20. H. Mwangonde, “Dar medics want IMTU censured in “cadaver parts” saga fallout,” The Citizen, 2014, http://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/IMTU-organs-saga-takes-fresh-twist/-/1840392/2395482/-/arvcpiz/-/index.html. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Bohl, P. Bosch, and S. Hildebrandt, “Medical students' perceptions of the body donor as a “first patient” or “teacher”: a pilot study,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 208–213, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. W. Jones, N. Lachman, and W. Pawlina, “Honoring our donors: a survey of memorial ceremonies in United States anatomy programs,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 219–223, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. G. M. Kooloos, S. Bolt, J. van der Straaten, and D. J. Ruiter, “An altar in honor of the anatomical gift,” Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 323–325, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Hildebrandt, “Capital punishment and anatomy: history and ethics of an ongoing association,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 5–14, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus