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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Volume 2015, Article ID 213236, 6 pages
Research Article

A Computational Model for Biomechanical Effects of Arterial Compliance Mismatch

1Department of Mechanics, School of Science, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
2Key Laboratory of Clinical Trial Research in Cardiovascular Drugs, Ministry of Health, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China

Received 6 October 2014; Revised 17 January 2015; Accepted 26 February 2015

Academic Editor: Andrea Cereatti

Copyright © 2015 Fan He et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Compliance mismatch is a negative factor and it needs to be considered in arterial bypass grafting. Objective. A computational model was employed to investigate the effects of arterial compliance mismatch on blood flow, wall stress, and deformation. Methods. The unsteady blood flow was assumed to be laminar, Newtonian, viscous, and incompressible. The vessel wall was assumed to be linear elastic, isotropic, and incompressible. The fluid-wall interaction scheme was constructed using the finite element method. Results. The results show that there are identical wall shear stress waveforms, wall stress, and strain waveforms at different locations. The comparison of the results demonstrates that wall shear stresses and wall strains are higher while wall stresses are lower at the more compliant section. The differences promote the probability of intimal thickening at some locations. Conclusions. The model is effective and gives satisfactory results. It could be extended to all kinds of arteries with complicated geometrical and material factors.