Advances in Chemistry / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

GC Analyses of Salvia Seeds as Valuable Essential Oil Source

Table 1

Essential oil composition (%w/w) of Salvia verbenaca (Sv), Salvia officinalis (So), and Salvia sclarea (Ss) seeds.

NumberCompounds*RIaRIbSvSoSsIdentification

1Hexanal80010930.42GC-MS, Co-GC
2(E)-2-Hexenal85212320.03GC-MS, Co-GC
31-Hexanol 87813601.29GC-MS, Co-GC
4Tricyclene92710140.96a0.23b0.08cGC-MS
5-Thujene93010353.08b7.48aGC-MS
6-Pinene93910320.44b1.26a0.27cGC-MS
7-3-Carene101211590.50a0.03bGC-MS
8p-Cymene 102212800.37b1.52a0.12cGC-MS
9Limonene103012030.17GC-MS, Co-GC
10-Phellandrene103012180.03GC-MS
111,8-Cineole103312136.66a0.12bGC-MS, Co-GC
12cis-Sabinene hydrate 106815560.19GC-MS
13cis-Linalool oxide107214780.13GC-MS
14-Fenchone 108714060.26GC-MS
15trans-Linalool oxide 108714501.05GC-MS
16Linalool109815530.84b0.68b24.25aGC-MS, Co-GC
17n-Undecane 110011002.65a0.48c0.75bGC-MS, Co-GC
18-Thujone110214290.52b14.77aGC-MS
19cis-allo-Ocimene111313821.55a0.14b1.46bGC-MS
20-Thujone111414514.30GC-MS
21Geijerene114013381.01GC-MS
22Camphor1143153238.94a13.08bGC-MS
23Borneol116517193.54GC-MS
24Terpinen-4-ol117716110.88a0.09c0.37bGC-MS
25p-Cymen-8-ol118518640.17GC-MS
26-Terpineol118716820.49b2.42a0.20cGC-MS
27-Terpineol118917062.03a0.91b0.20cGC-MS
28Myrtenal119016480.55GC-MS
29Myrtenol119418040.28GC-MS
30cis-Sabinol121018000.18GC-MS
31Nerol122817970.98GC-MS, Co-GC
32Linalyl acetate 123915652.53b0.08c6.90aGC-MS
33Geraniol125418570.33b2.79aGC-MS, Co-GC
34Bornyl acetate 128515970.79a0.16bGC-MS
35Thymol129321980.37a0.10bGC-MS
36Carvacrol1296nd0.83b1.93aGC-MS
37-Elemene133714793.97a0.07c0.85bGC-MS
38-Cubebene134814562.86GC-MS
39-Terpinyl acetate135317094.77a1.81b0.29cGC-MS
40Eugenol135721920.83GC-MS, Co-GC
41Neryl acetate136617332.40a0.36bGC-MS, Co-GC
42-Ylangene137214930.04b0.24aGC-MS
43-Copaene137614970.01b4.08aGC-MS
44-Damascenone138118380.06GC-MS
45Geranyl acetate138317651.94GC-MS, Co-GC
46-Bourbonene138415331.73a0.35bGC-MS
47-Elemene138916000.16GC-MS
48Methyl eugenol140220300.18GC-MS, Co-GC
49-Caryophyllene141316120.27a0.19b0.24aGC-MS
50-Cubebene141915491.50a0.72bGC-MS
51Aromadendrene143916280.66a0.18bGC-MS
52(Z)--Farnesene144116681.76GC-MS
53-Humulene145416870.67b3.71a0.08cGC-MS, Co-GC
54allo-Aromadendrene146016611.29b1.43a0.06cGC-MS
55-Amorphene147416800.47GC-MS
56-Muurolene147717040.05GC-MS
57Germacrene-D147917261.18b5.88aGC-MS
58epi-Cubebol149119000.34a0.24bGC-MS
59Bicyclogermacrene149417551.29b4.29aGC-MS
60(E,E)--Farnesene150617580.24GC-MS
61-Bisabolene150817411.10a0.72bGC-MS
62-Cadinene151317760.08GC-MS
63-Cadinene151717730.53a0.24bGC-MS
64-Calacorene154219420.10GC-MS
65Germacrene-B155818540.08b1.29aGC-MS
66(E)-Nerolidol 156320501.41GC-MS
67Spathulenol157521440.08a0.03bGC-MS
68Caryophyllene oxide157920087.28a0.16c3.18bGC-MS
69Viridiflorol 159221042.66GC-MS
70Humulene epoxide I159620451.55GC-MS
71Humulene epoxide II160620710.25GC-MS
72T-Cadinol164221870.15b0.52aGC-MS
73-Cadinol1643nd0.41b0.88aGC-MS
74-Eudesmol1649nd3.76a0.47c1.72bGC-MS
7513-epi-ManoolNdnd5.61a2.22b0.59cGC-MS

Compound classes
Alcohols2.46a0.42b0.03c
Aliphatic hydrocarbonsAlkanes1.29
Aldehydes0.84a0.48c0.75b
Monoterpene hydrocarbons3.82c6.45b9.60a
Oxygenated monoterpenes57.30a50.14b38.38c
Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons13.00b11.39b21.27a
Norisoprenoids with 13 carbons0.06
Phenylpropanes1.01
Phenols1.10b2.03a
Oxygenated sesquiterpenes11.04a5.93c8.12b
Labdane type diterpenes5.61a2.22b0.59c
Total

*Components are listed according to their elution on apolar column (HP-5). RI: retention indices relative to C8–C22  n-alkanes on the aHP-5 and bHP-Innowax columns; nd: not detected; GC/MS: identification based on comparison of mass spectra; Co-GC: identification based on retention time comparison to authentic compounds. Values (means of three replicates) in the same lines with different letters (a–c) are significantly different at .