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Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2011, Article ID 870383, 12 pages
Research Article

Real-Time Monitoring System and Advanced Characterization Technique for Civil Infrastructure Health Monitoring

1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 110 8th Street, JEC 4049, Troy, NY 12180, USA
2Deltares, Stieltjesweg 2, P.O. Box 177, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands
3NYSDOT Geotechnical Engineering Bureau, 50 Wolf Road, Albany, NY 12232, USA

Received 2 December 2010; Accepted 18 March 2011

Academic Editor: Devendra Narain Singh

Copyright © 2011 V. Bennett et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Real-time monitoring of civil infrastructure provides valuable information to assess the health and condition of the associated systems. This paper presents the recently developed shape acceleration array (SAA) and local system identification (SI) technique, which constitute a major step toward long-term effective health monitoring and analysis of soil and soil-structure systems. The SAA is based on triaxial micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) sensors to measure in situ deformation (angles relative to gravity) and dynamic accelerations up to a depth of one hundred meters. This paper provides an assessment of this array's performance for geotechnical instrumentation applications by reviewing the recorded field data from a bridge replacement site and a full-scale levee test facility. The SI technique capitalizes on the abundance of static and dynamic measurements from the SAA. The geotechnical properties and constitutive response of soil contained within a locally instrumented zone are analyzed and identified independently of adjacent soil strata.