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Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4728372, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4728372
Research Article

Durability to Chemical Attack by Acids of Epoxy Microconcretes by Comparison to Cementitious Ones

University of Cergy-Pontoise, 5 Mail Gay-Lussac, Neuville sur Oise, 95031 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex, France

Received 10 May 2016; Accepted 16 August 2016

Academic Editor: Sertong Quek

Copyright © 2016 Elhem Ghorbel and Murhaf Haidar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This research deals with the durability of micropolymer concrete (MPC) obtained by mixing an epoxy resin with fine and coarse sand particles. In particular the resistance of the micropolymer concrete to chemical solutions (citric acid C6H8O7, sulfuric acid H2SO4, and hydrochloric acid HCl) is investigated and compared to this of Portland cement microconcrete. Two MPC are tested. The first is formulated with 9% mass fraction of epoxy polymer whereas calcareous fillers have been incorporated in the second formulation in order to reduce the percentage of the epoxy binder. It is shown that a microconcrete designed with 7% of epoxy, 10% of fillers, and 83% of aggregates is characterized by higher physical and mechanical properties than those of the MPC formulated with 9% of epoxy binder. The mechanical properties of the resulting materials after their exposure to the three selected acid solutions at different durations were studied through compressive, three points bending and ultrasonic wave propagation tests. The obtained results are compared to those of microcement concretes (MCC) tested under the same conditions as MPC. The results show that both microepoxy polymer concretes exhibit better mechanical properties and highest resistance to chemical attack than the microcement concrete.