Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 4703841, 7 pages
Research Article

Permeability and Tensile Strength of Concrete with Arabic Gum Biopolymer

1Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
2College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Abdeliazim Mustafa Mohamed; ym.mtu.evil@2mizailedbamm

Received 26 April 2017; Accepted 17 July 2017; Published 15 August 2017

Academic Editor: Ghassan Chehab

Copyright © 2017 Abdeliazim Mustafa Mohamed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. A. Karamalla, N. E. Siddig, and M. E. Osman, “Analytical data for Acacia senegal var. senegal gum samples collected between 1993 and 1995 from Sudan,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 373–378, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Randall, G. Phillips, and P. Williams, “The role of the proteinaceous component on the emulsifying properties of gum arabic,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 131–140, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. D. Verbeken, S. Dierckx, and K. Dewettinck, “Exudate gums: occurrence, production, and applications,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 10–21, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. M. Saleh, High-Strength Concrete and the Resistance through the Improvement of Natural Additions, International University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russia, 2001.
  5. C. L. Hwang, A. T. Bui, and C. T. Chen, “Effect of rice husk ash on the strength and durability characteristics of concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 3768–3772, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. T. R. Naik and B. W. Singh S.S.Ramme, “Performance and leaching assessment of flowable slurry,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 359–368, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. M. Mohamed, M. H. Osman, and H. Smaoui, “Effect of arabic gum biopolymer on fresh and hardened concrete properties,” International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 187–194, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. W. Zakka, O. F. Job, and N. A. Anigbogu, Ecological self-compacting concrete using Gum Arabic as a plasticizer, Department of Building, University of Jos, Nigeria, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. ASTM, Standard Method of Test for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle, ASTM C191-04a, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2006.
  10. ASTM, Standard Test Method for Density of Hydraulic Cement, ASTM C188, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. ASTM, Standard Method of Test for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates, ASTM C136-96a, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2007.
  12. R. P. Panda, S. S. Das, and P. K. Sahoo, “An empirical method for estimating surface area of aggregates in hot mix asphalt. of Traffic and,” Transportation Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 127–136, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. IS, Method of test for permeability of cement mortar and concrete, IS 3085, Bureau of Indian Standard, New Delhi, India, 1965.
  14. ASTM, Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading, ASTM C78-02, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2002.
  15. ASTM, Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM C496-96, Philadelphia, PA, 2004.
  16. ACI, Standard Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete, ACI 318-08, Farmington Hills, MI, 2008.
  17. ASTM, Standard practice for making and curing concrete test specimens in the laboratory, ASTM C192, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2007.
  18. ISO, Testing of Concrete –Part 3: Making and curing test specimens, ISO 1920-3, 2004.
  19. P. Zhu, G. S. Jay, and R. B. Vijay, “Fracture properties of geopolymer paste and concrete,” Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 763–771, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. M. Hammitt, Concrete Strength Relationships, US Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss, USA, 1971.