Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Fig 21

Research Article

Field Observation and Theoretical Study on an Existing Tunnel Underpassed by New Twin Tunnels

Figure 21

(a) The effects of different reinforcement ranges on the deflection of the existing tunnel. (b) The effects of different reinforcement ranges on the slope of the existing tunnel. (c) The effects of different reinforcement ranges on the normalized moment of the existing tunnel. (d) The effects of different reinforcement ranges on the normalized shear force of the existing tunnel.
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