Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 2942689, 16 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2942689
Research Article

Effects of Geofoam Panels on Static Behavior of Cantilever Retaining Wall

1Department of Civil Engineering, East Azerbaijan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Civil Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Rouzbeh Dabiri; ri.ca.tuai@iribad_hebzuor

Received 6 July 2017; Revised 18 October 2017; Accepted 26 November 2017; Published 30 January 2018

Academic Editor: Pier Paolo Rossi

Copyright © 2018 Navid Hasanpouri Notash and Rouzbeh Dabiri. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. M. Partos and P. M. Kazaniwsky, “Geoboard reduces lateral earth pressures,” in Proceedings of Geosynthetics 87, Industrial Fabrics Association International, pp. 628–639, New Orleans, LA, USA, February 1987.
  2. R. Karpurapu and R. J. Bathurst, “Numerical investigation of controlled yielding of soil-retaining wall structures,” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 115–131, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Koerner Robert, Designing with Geosynthetics, Pearson Education, London, UK, 5th edition, 2005.
  4. B. R. R. Lal, A. H. Padade, and J. N. Mandal, “Numerical simulation of EPS geofoam as compressible inclusions in fly ash backfill retaining walls,” in Proceedings of Ground Improvement and Geosynthetics, pp. 526–535, Shanghai, China, June 2014.
  5. S. A. Azzam and S. S. AbdelSalam, “EPS geofoam to reduce lateral earth pressure on rigid walls,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Hurghada, Egypt, March 2015.
  6. S. S. AbdelSalam and S. A. Azzam, “Reduction of lateral pressures on retaining walls using geofoam inclusion,” Geosynthetics International, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 395–407, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Ni, G. Mei, and Y. Zhao, “Displacement-dependent earth pressures on rigid retaining walls with compressible geofoam inclusions: physical modeling and analytical solutions,” International Journal of Geomechanics, vol. 17, no. 6, p. 04016132, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  8. A. C. Trandafir and S. F. Bartlett, “Seismic performance of double EPS geofoam buffer systems,” in Proceedings of Fifth International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics and Symposium in Honor of Professor I. M. Idriss, p. 5.10a, San Diego, CA, USA, May 2010.
  9. S. Zarnani and R. J. Bathurst, “Numerical parametric study of geofoam seismic buffers with different constitutive models,” in Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Geosynthetics, pp. 1665–1670, Guaruja, Brazil, September 2010.
  10. A. Athanasopoulos Zekkos, K. Lamote, and G. A. Athanasopoulos, “Use of EPS geofoam compressible inclusions for reducing the earthquake effects on yielding earth retaining structures,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 41, pp. 59–71, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Stark, S. Bartlett, and D. Arellano, Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Geofoam Applications & Technical Data, EPS Industry Alliance, Crofton, MD, USA, 2011, http://www.beaverplastics.com/Geotechnical/documents/geofoam_app_and_tech_data.pdf.
  12. A. H. Padade and J. N. Mandal, “Behavior of expanded polystyrene (EPS) geofoam under triaxial loading conditions,” Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 17, pp. 2543–2553, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. O. Ertugrul and A. Trandafir, “Reduction of lateral earth forces acting on rigid nonyielding retaining walls by EPS geofoam inclusions,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1711–1718, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Trandafir, J. Moyles, and B. Erickson, “Finite-element analysis of lateral pressures on rigid non-yielding retaining walls with EPS geofoam inclusion,” in Proceedings of Earth Retention Conference, pp. 756–763, Bellevue, WA, USA, August 2010.
  15. O. Ertugrul and A. Trandafir, “Lateral earth pressures on flexible cantilever retaining walls with deformable geofoam inclusions,” Engineering Geology, vol. 158, pp. 23–33, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. S. AbdelSalam, S. A. Azzam, and B. M. Fakhry, “Reliability and 3D modeling of flexible walls with EPS inclusion,” International Journal of Geomechanics, vol. 17, no. 7, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Zarnani and R. J. Bathurst, “Numerical parametric study of expanded polystyrene (EPS) geofoam seismic buffers,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 318–338, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. H. Clayton, R. Woods, A. Bond, and J. Milititsky, Earth pressure and Earth-retaining Structures, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 3rd edition, 2013.
  19. T. Stark, D. Arellano, J. S. Horvath, and D. Leshchinsky, Geofoam Applications in the Design and Construction of Highway Embankments, NCHRP Web Document 65 (Project 24-11), Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, USA, 2004.
  20. G. A. Athanasopoulos, P. C. Pelekis, and V. C. Xenaki, “Dynamic properties of EPS geofoam: an experimental investigation,” Geosynthetics International, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 171–194, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. S. Horvath, “The compressible inclusion function of EPS geofoam,” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 15, no. 1–3, pp. 77–120, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. Itasca, “FLAC manual (fast lagrangian analysis of continua), version 7.0,” Itasca Consulting Group, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Bhattacharjee and A. Murali Krishna, Study of Seismically Induced Permanent Displacement of Gravity Retaining Wall, Indian Geotechnical Society, Guntur, India, 2009.
  24. A. Chugh and J. Labuz, “Numerical simulation of an instrumented cantilever retaining wall,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 1303–1313, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Q. Xie, C. D. Gama, X. Yu, and Y. Chen, “A parametric study of interface characteristics in a buttress retaining wall,” Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 18, pp. 1477–1492, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  26. G. A. Athanasopoulos, C. Nikolopoulou, and V. Xenaki, “Seismic isolation of earth retaining structures by EPS geofoam compressible inclusions—dynamic FE analyses,” in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, p. 1676, San Diego, CA, USA, March 2007.