Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 3054851, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3054851
Research Article

Evaluation of Offshore Wind Turbine Tower Dynamics with Numerical Analysis

Department of Civil Engineering, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Begum Yurdanur Dagli; rt.ude.ubc@ilgad.mugeb

Received 30 November 2017; Revised 7 February 2018; Accepted 13 March 2018; Published 19 April 2018

Academic Editor: Lyan-Ywan Lu

Copyright © 2018 Begum Yurdanur Dagli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. A. Silva, J. S. Arora, and R. M. Brasil, “Formulations for the optimal design of RC wind turbine towers,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Optimization (EngOpt 2008), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 2008.
  2. W. Shi, J. Han, C. Kim, D. Lee, H. Shin, and H. Park, “Feasibility study of offshore wind turbine substructures for southwest offshore wind farm project in Korea,” Renewable Energy, vol. 74, pp. 406–413, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Seebai and R. Sundaravadivelu, “Response analysis of spar platform with wind turbine,” Ships and Offshore Structures, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 94–101, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  4. E. A. S. Linley, T. A. Wilding, K. Black, A. J. S. Hawkins, and S. Mangi, Review of the Reef Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Structures and Their Potential for Enhancement and Mitigation, Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (RFCA), London, UK, 2007.
  5. W. Liu, B. Tang, and Y. Jiang, “Status and problems of wind turbine structural health monitoring techniques in China,” Renewable Energy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1414–1418, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. E. Hirdaris, W. Bai, D. Dessi et al., “Loads for use in the design of ships and offshore structures,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 78, pp. 131–174, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. J. Kurian, C. Y. Ng, and M. S. Liew, “Dynamic responses of truss spar due to wave actions,” Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 812–818, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. E. D. Christensen, E. A. Hansen, L. Yde, N. J. Tarp-Johansen, H. Gravesen, and M. L. Damsgaard, “Wave loads on offshore wind turbine foundations in shallow water: engineering models vs. refined flow modelling,” in Proceedings of the European Offshore Wind Conference, pp. 4–6, Berlin, Germany, December 2007.
  9. M. D. Kudale and A. R. Bhalerao, “Equivalent monochromatic wave height for the design of coastal rubblemound structures,” Aquatic Procedia, vol. 4, pp. 264–273, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Agarwal and L. Manuel, “Simulation of offshore wind turbine response for long-term extreme load prediction,” Engineering Structures, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 2236–2246, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. Witcher, “Seismic analysis of wind turbines in the time domain,” Wind Energy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 81–91, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Prowell, M. Veletzos, and A. Elgamal, “Full Scale Testing for Investigation of Wind Turbine Seismic Response,” in Proceedings of the 7th world wind energy conference, Kingston, ON, Canada, 2008.
  13. C. Van der Woude and S. Narasimhan, “A study on vibration isolation for wind turbine structures,” Engineering Structures, vol. 60, pp. 223–234, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. Y. Liu, “The vibration analysis of wind turbine blade–cabin–tower coupling system,” Engineering Structures, vol. 56, pp. 954–957, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. IEA Wind, IEA Wind: 2008 Annual Report, IEA Wind Energy Systems, International Energy Agency, PWT Communications, Boulder, CO, USA, 2009.
  16. S. Zhu and G. Moule, “Numerical calculation of forces induced by short-crested waves on a vertical cylinder of arbitrary cross-section,” Ocean Engineering, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 645–662, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. E. Abdel Raheem, “Nonlinear behaviour of steel fixed offshore platform under environmental loads,” Ships and Offshore Structures, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  18. B. Y. Dağlı, M. E. Yiğit, and Ü. Gökkuş, “Behaviour of large cylindrical offshore structures subjected to wave loads,” TEM Journal, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 550, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  19. F. K. Benra, H. J. Dohmen, J. Pei, S. Schuster, and B. Wan, “A comparison of one-way and two-way coupling methods for numerical analysis of fluid-structure interactions,” Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol. 2011, Article ID 853560, 16 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. E. Yigit, E. Gucuyen, and U. Gokkus, “Dynamic analysis of offshore steel wind turbine tower according to single degree of freedom system,” in Proceedings of 3rd International Steel Structures Conference, pp. 265–276, Gaziantep, Turkey, 2009.
  21. A. Korobenko, M. C. Hsu, I. Akkerman, J. Tippmann, and Y. Bazilevs, “Structural mechanics modeling and FSI simulation of wind turbines,” Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 249–272, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Hu, C. Baniotopoulos, and J. Yang, “Effect of internal stiffening rings and wall thickness on the structural response of steel wind turbine towers,” Engineering Structures, vol. 81, pp. 148–161, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. S. Khalid, L. Zhang, X. W. Zhang, and K. Sun, “Three-dimensional numerical simulation of a vertical axis tidal turbine using the two-way fluid structure interaction approach,” Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 574–582, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. A. Yildizel, M. E. Yigit, and G. Kaplan, “Glass fibre reinforced concrete rebound optimization,” Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 203–218, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  25. D. H. Kim and B. K. Han, “Simple method of vibration analysis of three span continuous reinforced concrete bridge with elastic intermediate support,” Composites Research, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 23–28, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  26. I. P. Ward, “Natural frequency analysis of offshore wind turbine monopiles,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Engineering and Computational Mechanics, vol. 169, no. 4, pp. 196–208, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Cruz and E. Miranda, “Evaluation of the Rayleigh damping model for buildings,” Engineering Structures, vol. 138, pp. 324–336, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. ANSYS Fluent Users Guide, ANSYS, Canonsburg, PA, USA, 2013.
  29. M. M. K. Lee, “Strength, stress and fracture analyses of offshore tubular joints using finite elements,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 265–286, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. Wei, S. R. Arwade, and A. T. Myers, “Incremental wind-wave analysis of the structural capacity of offshore wind turbine support structures under extreme loading,” Engineering Structures, vol. 79, pp. 58–69, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. Van Der Tempel, Design of Support Structures for Offshore Wind Turbines, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands, 2006, Ph.D. thesis.
  32. J. E. Cermak, A. G. Davenport, E. J. Plate, and D. X. Viegas, Wind Climate in Cities, vol. 277, Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin, Germany, 2013.
  33. CERC, Coastal Engineering Manual, Wave Mechanics, Part II, USA, Coastal Engineering Research Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA, 2002.
  34. A. Ergin, Coastal Engineering, Metu Press, Ankara, Turkey, 2010.
  35. R. M. Sorensen, Basic Coastal Engineering, vol. 10, Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin, Germany, 2005.
  36. S. Chakrabarti, Handbook of Offshore Engineering, vol. 2, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2005.
  37. Petroleum, ISO, Natural Gas Industries–Specific Requirements for Offshore Structures–Part 7: Station Keeping Systems for Floating Offshore Structures and Mobile Offshore Units. BS ISO, 19901–7, International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005.
  38. Council, BSS, National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for 348 New Buildings and Other Structures—Part 2: Commentary (FEMA 450–2), Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
  39. M. Papadrakakis, M. Fragiadakis, and N. D. Lagaros, Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2011.
  40. E. Wang and T. Nelson, “Structural dynamic capabilities of ANSYS,” in Proceedings of the ANSYS 2002 Conference, Pittsburg, PA, USA, April 2002.
  41. S. S. Rao and F. F. Yap, Mechanical Vibrations, vol. 4, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 2011.
  42. R. S. Raja, “Coupled Fluid Structure Interaction Analysis on a Cylinder Exposed to Ocean Wave Loading,” Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2012, M.Sc. dissertation. View at Google Scholar
  43. H. K. Versteeg and W. Malalasekera, An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics-The Finite Volume Method, Pearson Education, Longman Scientific Technical, London, UK, 2007.
  44. P. Zhao, Y. Liang, Y. Wang, X. Li, and X. Lv, “Natural characteristics research of MW wind turbine tower,” International Journal of Energy Science, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 195–199, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  45. W. Meng and W. Zhangqi, “The vibration frequencies of wind turbine steel tower by transfer matrix method,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation (ICMTMA 2011), pp. 995–998, Shanghai, China, 2011.