Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 3729143, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3729143
Research Article

Analytical Method for Evaluating the Ground Surface Settlement Caused by Tail Void Grouting Pressure in Shield Tunnel Construction

1Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban Underground Engineering & Environmental Safety, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Changsheng Wu; moc.621@uwgnahcgnehs

Received 14 January 2018; Revised 18 June 2018; Accepted 28 June 2018; Published 19 July 2018

Academic Editor: Li Li

Copyright © 2018 Changsheng Wu and Zhiduo Zhu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. B. Peck, “Deep excavations and tunneling in soft ground,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, pp. 225–290, Mexico City, Mexico, 1969.
  2. P. B. Attewell and I. W. Farmer, “Ground disturbance caused by shield tunnelling in stiff, overconsolidated clay,” Engineering Geology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 361–381, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. P. O’Reilly and B. M. New, “Settlements above tunnels in the United Kingdom—their magnitude and prediction,” in Proceedings of the Tunnel Conference, pp. 173–181, Brighton, UK, 1982.
  4. R. J. Mair, “Geotechnical aspects of soft-ground tunnelling,” in Proceedings Conference on Construction Problems in Soft Soils, Singapore, 1983.
  5. K. Y. Lo and R. K. Rowe, “Predicting settlement due to tunnelling in clay,” in ASCE, Geotechnics Conference, Tunnelling in Soil and Rock, pp. 46–76, Atlanta, GA, USA, 2010.
  6. X. Li and X. Chen, “Using grouting of shield tunneling to reduce settlements of overlying tunnels: case study in Shenzhen metro construction,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 574–584, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Dias and R. Kastner, “Movements caused by the excavation of tunnels using face pressurized shields—analysis of monitoring and numerical modeling results,” Engineering Geology, vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 17–25, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. S. Fang, C. T. Wu, S. F. Chen, and C. Liu, “An estimation of subsurface settlement due to shield tunneling,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 44, pp. 121–129, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. W. Clough and B. Schmidt, “Design and performance of excavations and tunnels in soft clay,” Developments in Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 20, pp. 567–634, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Verruijt and J. R. Booker, “Surface settlements due to deformation of a tunnel in an elastic half plane,” Géotechnique, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 753–756, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Loganathan and H. G. Poulos, “Analytical prediction for tunneling induced ground movements in clay,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 124, no. 9, pp. 846–856, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. González and C. Sagaseta, “Patterns of soil deformations around tunnels. Application to the extension of Madrid Metro,” Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 28, no. 6-7, pp. 445–468, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Bobet, “Analytical solutions for shallow tunnels in saturated ground,” Journal of Engineering Mechanics, vol. 127, no. 12, pp. 1258–1266, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. I. Chou and A. Bobet, “Predictions of ground deformations in shallow tunnels in clay,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 3–19, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. H. Park, “Elastic solution for tunneling-induced ground movements in clays,” International Journal of Geomechanics, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 310–318, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. H. Park, “Analytical solution for tunnelling-induced ground movement in clays,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 249–261, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. K. Rowe, K. Y. Lo, and G. J. Kack, “A method of estimating surface settlement above tunnels constructed in soft ground,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 11–22, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. K. M. Lee, R. K. Rowe, and K. Y. Lo, “Subsidence owing to tunnelling. I. Estimating the gap parameter,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 929–940, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Kasper and G. Meschke, “A 3D finite element simulation model for TBM tunnelling in soft ground,” International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, vol. 28, no. 14, pp. 1441–1460, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. Kasper and G. Meschke, “A numerical study of the effect of soil and grout material properties and cover depth in shield tunnelling,” Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 33, no. 4-5, pp. 234–247, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Chakeri, Y. Ozcelik, and B. Unver, “Effects of important factors on surface settlement prediction for metro tunnel excavated by EPB,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 36, pp. 14–23, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Shi, J. A. R. Ortigao, and J. Bai, “Modular neural networks for predicting settlements during tunneling,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 389–395, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Suwansawat and H. H. Einstein, “Artificial neural networks for predicting the maximum surface settlement caused by EPB shield tunneling,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 133–150, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. Ocak and S. E. Seker, “Calculation of surface settlements caused by EPBM tunneling using artificial neural network, SVM, and Gaussian processes,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 1263–1276, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. F. Nagel and G. Meschke, “Grout and bentonite flow around a TBM: computational modeling and simulation-based assessment of influence on surface settlements,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 445–452, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Teng and H. Zhang, “Meso-macro analysis of surface settlement characteristics during shield tunneling in sandy cobble ground,” Rock and Soil Mechanics, vol. 33, pp. 1141–1150, 2012, in Chinese. View at Google Scholar
  27. G. Mollon, D. Dias, and A. H. Soubra, “Probabilistic analyses of tunneling-induced ground movements,” Acta Geotechnica, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 181–199, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Y. Oh and M. Ziegler, “Investigation on influence of tail void grouting on the surface settlements during shield tunneling using a stress-pore pressure coupled analysis,” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 803–811, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Koyama, N. Okano, Y. Sato, and M. Shimizu, Back-Fill Grouting Model Test for Shield Tunnel, Railway Technical Research Institute, Kokubunji, Japan, 1998.
  30. T. Kasper and G. Meschke, “On the influence of face pressure, grouting pressure and TBM design in soft ground tunnel,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 160–171, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Cavalaro and A. Aguado, “Characterization of backfill mortars used in different tunnels in Spain,” Materiales de Construcción, vol. 63, no. 309, pp. 65–78, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. K. Komiya, K. Soga, H. Akagi et al., “Soil consolidation associated with grouting during shield tunnelling in soft clayey ground,” Géotechnique, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 835–846, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. A. Bezuijen, A. M. Talmon, F. J. Kaalberg, and R. Plugge, “Field measurements of grout pressures during tunneling of the Sophia Rail tunnel,” Soils and Foundations, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 39–48, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. M. Talmon and A. Bezuijen, “Simulating the consolidation of TBM grout at Noordplaspolder,” Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 493–499, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. G. Lin, Z. M. Zhang, S. M. Wu et al., “Study of ground heave and subsidence induced by shield tunnelling in soft ground,” Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 30, pp. 2583–2590, 2011, in Chinese. View at Google Scholar
  36. F. Ye, C. F. Gou, Z. Chen et al., “Ground surface deformation caused by synchronous grouting of shield tunnels,” Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 36, pp. 618–624, 2014, in Chinese. View at Google Scholar
  37. R. Z. Liang, T. D. Xia, C. G. Lin et al., “Analysis of ground surface displacement and horizontal movement of deep soils induced by shield advancing,” Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 34, pp. 583–593, 2015, in Chinese. View at Google Scholar
  38. C. Sagaseta, “Analysis of undrained soil deformation due to ground loss,” Géotechnique, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 301–320, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. W. W. Ng, T. L. Y. Yau, J. H. M. Li, and W. H. Tang, “New failure load criterion for large diameter bored piles in weathered geomaterials,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 488–498, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. D. J. White and M. D. Bolton, “Displacement and strain paths during plane-strain model pile installation in sand,” Géotechnique, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 375–397, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. G. Mollon, D. Dias, A. H. Soubra, and A.-H. Soubra, “Face stability analysis of circular tunnels driven by a pressurized shield,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 215–229, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. Ni, S. Mangalathu, G. Mei, and Y. Zhao, “Permeable piles: an alternative to improve the performance of driven piles,” Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 84, pp. 78–87, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. N. Wang, Equations of Mathematical Physics, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China, 2009.
  44. H. Bateman, Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 2012.
  45. C. Sagaseta, “Discussion: analysis of undrained soil deformation due to ground loss,” Geotechnique, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 647–649, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. G. Wei and R. Q. Xu, “Prediction of longitudinal ground deformation due to tunnel construction with shield in soft soil,” Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 27, pp. l077–l081, 2005, in Chinese. View at Google Scholar
  47. J. R. Standing and D. Selemetas, “Greenfield ground response to EPBM tunnelling in London Clay,” Geotechnique, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 989–1007, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus