Table 6: Properties of the support elements.

PropertiesElastic moduli (GPa)Tensile yield strength (kN)Stiffness of grout (N/m/m)Bond strength of grout (N/m)Interface normal stiffness (GPa/m)Interface shear stiffness (GPa/m)

Bolt2002002e94e5
Cable2003902e94e5
Steel strip2005001515