Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 8

Research Article

A Computer-Aided Approach to Pozzolanic Concrete Mix Design

Table 8

Requirements for concrete exposed to sulfates in soil or water “Table 8 is reproduced from Kosmatka et al. [39] (under the creative commons attribution license/public domain).”

Sulfate exposureWater-soluble sulfate (SO4) in soil, percent by massSulfate (SO4) in water, ppmCement typeMaximum water-cementitious material ratio, by massMinimum design compressive strength, (MPa)

NegligibleLess than 0.10Less than 150No special type required
Moderate0.10 to 0.20150 to 1500II, MS, IP(MS), IS(MS), P(MS), I(PM) (MS), I(SM) (MS)0.5028
Severe0.20 to 2.001500 to 10,000V, HS0.4531
Very severeOver 2.00Over 10,000V, HS0.4035

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