Advances in Civil Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 8

Research Article

A Computer-Aided Approach to Pozzolanic Concrete Mix Design

Table 8

Requirements for concrete exposed to sulfates in soil or water “Table 8 is reproduced from Kosmatka et al. [39] (under the creative commons attribution license/public domain).”

Sulfate exposureWater-soluble sulfate (SO4) in soil, percent by massSulfate (SO4) in water, ppmCement typeMaximum water-cementitious material ratio, by massMinimum design compressive strength, (MPa)

NegligibleLess than 0.10Less than 150No special type required
Moderate0.10 to 0.20150 to 1500II, MS, IP(MS), IS(MS), P(MS), I(PM) (MS), I(SM) (MS)0.5028
Severe0.20 to 2.001500 to 10,000V, HS0.4531
Very severeOver 2.00Over 10,000V, HS0.4035

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.