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Advances in Civil Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 7382481, 12 pages
Research Article

Effective Semiactive Base Isolation System under Multiple Earthquakes

Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Mohtasham Mohebbi

Received 22 August 2017; Revised 11 December 2017; Accepted 13 December 2017; Published 27 February 2018

Academic Editor: Hossein Moayedi

Copyright © 2018 Mohtasham Mohebbi and Hamed Dadkhah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A method is proposed to design an effective semiactive control system composed of a linear low damping base isolation and a supplemental magnetorheological (MR) damper when the structure subjected to multiple earthquakes. In the proposed design method, the parameters of semiactive control system have been determined based on minimizing the average of maximum response of isolated structure under multiple design ground motions. To select appropriate value for force related weighting parameter, defined in performance index, a range has been suggested for each design objective. For numerical simulations, a scaled three-story base-isolated frame subjected to different scaled real earthquakes as well as filtered white noise excitations and the proposed method has been applied to design semiactive base isolation system under multiple earthquakes. The results of numerical simulations have shown the capability of the proposed method in designing an effective semiactive base isolation system, the performance of which under multiple earthquakes has been almost close to the case that it is designed optimally for each earthquake separately. Also, under multiple earthquakes, using the passive-off and passive-on forms of MR damper can be recommended, respectively, regarding to the objectives of minimizing the maximum acceleration and base drift.