Advances in Civil Engineering / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Determination of Parameters of the Discrete Element Bond Model for Asphalt Mixture Based on Splitting Test

Table 3

Discrete bond model parameters of AC-13.

TemperatureContact typeStiffnessBond strength

−10°C2DContact bond model4.2 × 109N·m−19.0 × 102N
Parallel bond model3.8 × 1012 Pa·m−13.9 × 107 Pa
3DContact bond model2.2 × 107 N·m−169.0 N
Parallel bond model9.9 × 1012 Pa·m−11.6 × 108 Pa

0°C2DContact bond model1.4 × 109N·m−13.5 × 102N
Parallel bond model9.8 × 1011 Pa·m−11.3 × 107 Pa
3DContact bond model8.2 × 106 N·m−154.0 N
Parallel bond model2.8 × 1012 Pa·m−16.7 × 107 Pa

10°C2DContact bond model1.8 × 109N·m−11.4 × 102N
Parallel bond model1.6 × 1012 Pa·m−11.4 × 107 Pa
3DContact bond model1.1 × 107 N·m−165.0 N
Parallel bond model3.4 × 1012 Pa·m−19.2 × 107 Pa

20°C2DContact bond model2.1 × 109N·m−1
Parallel bond model1.7 × 1012 Pa·m−1
3DContact bond model1.2 × 107 N·m−113.0 N
Parallel bond model4.2 × 1012 Pa·m−12.8 × 107 Pa

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