Advances in Civil Engineering / 2020 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Numerical Investigation on Dynamic Performance of a Bridge-Tunnel Transition Section with a Deep Buried Pile-Plank Structure

Figure 4

Finite element model. (a) Full model. (b) Grid of pile-plank and surrounding soil. (c) Relationship between normal force and compression deformation. (d) Contact elements between the wheel tread and the rail. (e) Vehicle model.
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