Advances in Civil Engineering / 2021 / Article / Fig 9

Research Article

Analysis of Ground Movement during Large-Scale Pipe Roof Installation and Artificial Ground Freezing of Gongbei Tunnel

Figure 9

Calculated values of i, k, smax, and η at the end of each pipe jacking. (a) Settlement trough width coefficient i. (b) Settlement trough width parameter k. (c) Maximum settlement Smax. (d) Ground loss ratio η.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.