Advances in Civil Engineering / 2021 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Analysis of Ground Movement during Large-Scale Pipe Roof Installation and Artificial Ground Freezing of Gongbei Tunnel

Table 1

Pipe parameters.

MaterialMaterial typeEA (kN/m)EI (kN·m2/m)ν

Upper pipesElastic42000001400.2
Lower pipesElastic5040000241.90.2

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