Advances in Civil Engineering / 2021 / Article / Fig 10

Research Article

Experimental Study and Effective Width Method for Cold-Formed Steel Lipped Channel Stud Columns with Holes

Figure 10

Buckling mode of specimen C10010-05-RH4-1. (a) Local buckling in web + distortional buckling. (b) Local buckling in the flange. (c) Plastic crush. (d) Local buckling of the plate strip adjacent to holes.

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