Advances in Civil Engineering / 2021 / Article / Fig 12

Research Article

Experimental Study and Effective Width Method for Cold-Formed Steel Lipped Channel Stud Columns with Holes

Figure 12

Buckling mode of specimen C10010-05-CH3-1. (a) Local buckling in the web. (b) Local buckling in the flange. (c) Distortional buckling. (d) Plastic crush. (e) Local buckling including holes.
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.