Table 5: Statistical performance measures along with their respective means (styled in bold) achieved by the proposed technique on handwritten Indo-Arabic numerals (here, MAE means mean absolute error, RMSE means root mean square error, TPR means True Positive rate, FPR means False Positive rate, MCC means Matthews Correlation Coefficient, and AUC means Area under ROC).

ClassStatistical performance measures
Kappa
statistics
MAERMSETPRFPRPrecisionRecall-measureMCCAUC

“0”0.99220.17580.2931.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
“1”0.9900.0010.9900.9900.9900.9891.000
“2”0.9600.0020.9800.9600.9700.9660.990
“3”1.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
“4”1.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
“5”1.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
“6”0.9900.0040.9610.9900.9750.9730.999
“7”0.9900.0001.0000.9900.9950.9941.000
“8”1.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
“9”1.0000.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
Mean0.99220.17580.2930.9930.00070.99310.9930.9930.99220.9989