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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2011, Article ID 298928, 107 pages
Review Article

Electronic Structure of Strongly Correlated Systems

1Andersen Department, Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenberg Straße 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2Computational Physics Department, Institute of Metal Physics, 36 Vernadskii street, 03142 Kiev, Ukraine

Received 23 March 2011; Accepted 12 July 2011

Academic Editor: P. Guptasarma

Copyright © 2011 V. N. Antonov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The article reviews the rich phenomena of metal-insulator transitions, anomalous metalicity, taking as examples iron and titanium oxides. The diverse phenomena include strong spin and orbital fluctuations, incoherence of charge dynamics, and phase transitions under control of key parameters such as band filling, bandwidth, and dimensionality. Another important phenomena presented in the article is a valence fluctuation which occur often in rare-earth compounds. We consider some Ce, Sm, Eu, Tm, and Yb compounds such as Ce, Sm and Tm monochalcogenides, Sm and Yb borides, mixed-valent and charge-ordered Sm, Eu and Yb pnictides and chalcogenides R4X3 and R3X4 (R = Sm, Eu, Yb; X = As, Sb, Bi), intermediate-valence YbInCu4 and heavy-fermion compounds YbMCu4 (M = Cu, Ag, Au, Pd). Issues addressed include the nature of the electronic ground states, the metal-insulator transition, the electronic and magnetic structures. The discussion includes key experiments, such as optical and magneto-optical spectroscopic measurements, x-ray photoemission and x-ray absorption, bremsstrahlung isochromat spectroscopy measurements as well as x-ray magnetic circular dichroism.