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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3745459, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3745459
Research Article

Short Time and Low Temperature Reaction between Metal Oxides through Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Method

Advanced Ceramic Materials Group, Physics Department, Federal University of Sergipe, 49.100-000, São Cristóvão, SE, Brazil

Received 4 September 2016; Revised 9 October 2016; Accepted 6 November 2016

Academic Editor: Veer P. S. Awana

Copyright © 2016 S. M. V. Novais et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work demonstrates the possibility of synthesis of cadmium tungstate at low temperatures using oxide precursors. Cadmium tungstate (CdWO4) scintillator was produced via microwave-assisted hydrothermal reaction using the precursors CdO and WO3. The methodology was based on microwave radiation for heating, which is remarkably faster than the solid-state route or conventional hydrothermal procedure. CdWO4 monoclinic (wolframite) structure was successfully obtained at 120°C for synthesis times as short as 20 min. This route does not require the use of templates or surfactants and yields self-assembled nanorods with size of around 24 ± 9 nm width and 260 ± 47 nm length. The growth mechanism for the formation of CdWO4 involves microwave-induced dissociation of the reagents and solvation of Cd2+ and ions, which are free to move and start the nucleation process. The luminescence properties of the produced nanoparticles were investigated, presenting a broad emission band at around 500 nm, which is comparable to that observed for samples produced using other chemical routes. This result highlights the great potential of the proposed method as a low-cost and time saving process to fabricate luminescent oxide nanoparticles.