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Advances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2686204, 7 pages
Research Article

Experimental Study on Ferromagnetic Shunt Effects on the Critical Current of BSCCO Tape in Stacked Conductors

1Center of Applied Superconductivity and Sustainable Energy Research (CASER), Chubu University, 1200 Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501, Japan
2Department of Electrical Engineering, Chubu University, 1200 Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to J. Sun

Received 12 December 2016; Accepted 24 January 2017; Published 27 February 2017

Academic Editor: Sergei Sergeenkov

Copyright © 2017 J. Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In the 200 m high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable test facility at Chubu University constructed in 2010, a three-layer structure of the tapes in the cable is employed for obtaining the high current capacity up to 2 kA. Previous study shows that the critical current is affected by the layout of the tapes such as gaps and the current feeding mode. In the stacked tape conductors, the critical current of BSCCO tapes shows strong dependence on the current feeding directions between the tapes. The critical current is improved when the opposite-direction current is applied to them and degraded for the same-direction current feeding mode because of strong magnetic field interaction between them from the transport current in each tape. This paper presents the measurements of the critical currents of a BSCCO tape in the stacked conductors with the ferromagnetic materials. By using the ferromagnetic materials surrounding the tapes, self-field of HTS tapes is affected and their critical currents are improved by more than 10%. Ferromagnetic shunt effects on the critical current of HTS tape are reported through the magnetic field analysis.