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Analytical Cellular Pathology
Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 51-59
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2001/172657

The Biological Safety of Condom Material Can Be Determined Using an In Vitro Cell Culture System

N. A. Motsoane,1 E. Pretorius,1 M. J. Bester,1 and P. J. Becker2

1Department of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
2Medical Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa

Received 1 May 2001; Accepted 5 October 2001

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Latex products have long been recognized as a cause of latex protein allergy. The increased usage of latex gloves, with the consequent increased occurrence of latex allergies appears to have escalated with increasing awareness of the transmission of HIV–AIDS and other infections. The use of condoms as a means to prevent the transmission of STD's (sexually transmitted diseases) and HIV–AIDS has been widely promoted. Although extensive testing is done to evaluate the physical quality of condoms, no information is available regarding the biological safety of condoms. This study was undertaken to determine the effects of short‐term exposure to physiological levels of condom surface material on cell viability (MTT assay) and cell growth (crystal violet assay). A direct contact cell culture testing method (FDA test method F813‐83 used to evaluate the cytotoxic potential of medical materials and devices) was used. The modified test method was found to be a sensitive test system for the evaluation of the biological safety of condoms. This study reveals the importance of evaluating the biological safety of all condoms that are commercially available, because of the potential health risk that may be associated with prolonged use of certain types of condoms.