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Autoimmune Diseases
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 548064, 7 pages
Research Article

Posttranslational Protein Modification in the Salivary Glands of Sjögren’s Syndrome Patients

Department of Immunology, School of Biological Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Chepinque 306, Colonia Lomas de la Soledad, 98040 Zacatecas, ZAC, Mexico

Received 5 November 2012; Accepted 2 January 2013

Academic Editor: Ricard Cervera

Copyright © 2013 Rafael Herrera-Esparza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present study investigated posttranslational reactions in the salivary glands of patients with Sjögren’s syndrome. We analysed the biopsies of primary Sjögren’s patients using immunohistochemistry and a tag-purified anticyclic citrullinated protein (CCP) antibody to detect citrullinated peptides, and the presence of peptidylarginine deiminase 2 (PAD2) was assessed simultaneously. The present work demonstrated the weak presence of the PAD2 enzyme in some normal salivary glands, although PAD2 expression was increased considerably in Sjögren’s patients. The presence of citrullinated proteins was also detected in the salivary tissues of Sjögren’s patients, which strongly supports the in situ posttranslational modification of proteins in this setting. Furthermore, the mutual expression of CCP and PAD2 suggests that this posttranslational modification is enzyme dependent. In conclusion, patients with Sjögren’s syndrome expressed the catalytic machinery to produce posttranslational reactions that may result in autoantigen triggering.