Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Autoimmune Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 790724, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/790724
Research Article

Silent Burdens in Disease: Fatigue and Depression in SLE

1Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
2Rheumatology Department, São João Hospital, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
3IBMC/GABBA, University of Porto, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal

Received 22 September 2013; Revised 7 November 2013; Accepted 13 November 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editor: Juan-Manuel Anaya

Copyright © 2014 R. Fonseca et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Vos, A. D. Flaxman, M. Naghavi et al., “Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010,” The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9859, pp. 2163–2196, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. M. Gerrits, H. W. van Marwijk, P. van Oppen, H. van der Horst, and B. W. Penninx, “The role of somatic health problems in the recognition of depressive and anxiety disorders by general practitioners,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 151, no. 3, pp. 1025–1032, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. C. Bexelius, K. Wachtmeister, P. Skare, L. Jonsson, and R. Vollenhoven, “Drivers of cost and health-related quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): a Swedish nationwide study based on patient reports,” Lupus, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 793–801, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. A. Frangou, G. K. Bertsias, and D. T. Boumpas, “Gene expression and regulation in systemic lupus erythematosus,” European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1084–1096, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. Wahren-Herlenius and T. Dorner, “Immunopathogenic mechanisms of systemic autoimmune disease,” The Lancet, vol. 382, no. 9894, pp. 819–831, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  6. E. S. Kellner, P. Y. Lee, Y. Li et al., “Endogenous type-I interferon activity is not associated with depression or fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus,” Journal of Neuroimmunology, vol. 223, no. 1-2, pp. 13–19, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Cervera, M. A. Khamashta, J. Font et al., “Systemic lupus erythematosus: clinical and immunologic patterns of disease expression in a cohort of 1,000 patients. The European Working Party on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus,” Medicine, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 113–124, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Cleanthous, M. Tyagi, D. A. Isenberg, and S. P. Newman, “What do we know about self-reported fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus?” Lupus, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 465–476, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. M. Tench, I. McCurdie, P. D. White, and D. P. D'Cruz, “The prevalence and associations of fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus,” Rheumatology, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1249–1254, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Gordon, D. Isenberg, K. Lerstrom et al., “The substantial burden of systemic lupus erythematosus on the productivity and careers of patients: a European patient-driven online survey,” Rheumatology, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Roy-Byrne, N. Afari, S. Ashton, M. Fischer, J. Goldberg, and D. Buchwald, “Chronic fatigue and anxiety/depression: a twin study,” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 180, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. M. Arnold, “Understanding fatigue in major depressive disorder and other medical disorders,” Psychosomatics, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 185–190, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. “ACR Ad Hoc Committee on Neuropsychiatric Lupus Nomenclature, The American College of Rheumatology nomenclature and case definitions for neuropsychiatric lupus syndromes,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 599–608, 1999.
  14. M. Figueiredo-Braga, F. Mota-Garcia, J.-E. O'Connor et al., “Cytokines and Anxiety in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients not receiving antidepressant medication: a little-explored frontier and some of its brief history,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1173, pp. 286–291, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Figueiredo-Braga, Depression and Immunity: Lessons From a Study of Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 2009.
  16. F. G. Nery, E. F. Borba, V. S. T. Viana et al., “Prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders in systemic lupus erythematosus and their association with anti-ribosomal P antibodies,” Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 695–700, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. A. Bachen, M. A. Chesney, and L. A. Criswell, “Prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in women with systemic lupus erythematosus,” Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 822–829, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Dantzer, “Cytokine, sickness behavior, and depression,” Neurologic Clinics, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 441–460, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Maes, M. Berk, L. Goehler et al., “Depression and sickness behavior are Janus-faced responses to shared inflammatory pathways,” BMC Medicine, vol. 10, no. 1, article 66, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR, American Psychiatric Pub, 2000.
  21. P. Carrete, F. Augustovski, N. Gimpel et al., “Validation of a telephone-administered Geriatric Depression Scale in a hispanic elderly population,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 446–450, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. S. Cook, J. L. White, G. C. E. Stuart, and A. M. Magliocco, “The reliability of telephone interviews compared with in-person interviews using memory aids,” Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 495–501, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Siemiatycki, “A comparison of mail, telephone, and home interview strategies for household health surveys,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 238–245, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. Rohde, P. M. Lewinsohn, and J. R. Seeley, “Comparability of telephone and face-to-face interviews in assessing axis I and II disorders,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 154, no. 11, pp. 1593–1598, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. B. Cohen and D. C. Vinson, “Retrospective self-report of alcohol consumption: test-retest reliability by telephone,” Alcoholism, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1156–1161, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. B. Krupp, N. G. LaRocca, J. Muir-Nash, and A. D. Steinberg, “The fatigue severity scale. Application to patients with multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1121–1123, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. “Ad Hoc Committee on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Response Criteria for Fatigue, Measurement of fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review,” Arthritis Care & Research, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1348–1357, 2007.
  28. M. G. Pereira and S. Duarte, “Fadiga intensa em doentes com lúpus eritematoso sistémico: estudo das características psicométricas da escala da intensidade da fadiga,” Psicologia, Saúde&Doenças, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 121–136, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. J. S. Austin, R. S. Maisiak, D. M. Macrina, and L. W. Heck, “Health outcome improvements in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus using two telephone counseling interventions,” Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 391–399, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. S. Zigmond and R. P. Snaith, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 361–370, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. I. Bjelland, A. A. Dahl, T. T. Haug, and D. Neckelmann, “The validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. An updated literature review,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 69–77, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. Wettergren, E. Mattsson, and L. von Essen, “Mode of administration only has a small effect on data quality and self-reported health status and emotional distress among Swedish adolescents and young adults,” Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 20, no. 11-12, pp. 1568–1577, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. J. Buysse, C. F. Reynolds III, T. H. Monk, S. R. Berman, and D. J. Kupfer, “The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 193–213, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. S. Carpenter and M. A. Andrykowski, “Psychometric evaluation of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 5–13, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. H. Monk, D. J. Buysse, B. D. Billy et al., “Shiftworkers report worse sleep than day workers, even in retirement,” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 201–208, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. P. A. Palmieri, K. J. Chipman, D. Canetti, R. J. Johnson, and S. E. Hobfoll, “Prevalence and correlates of sleep problems in adult Israeli Jews exposed to actual or threatened terrorist or rocket attacks,” Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 557–564, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. E. Ware Jr. and C. D. Sherbourne, “The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection,” Medical Care, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 473–483, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. A. McHorney, M. Kosinski, and J. E. Ware Jr., “Comparisons of the costs and quality of norms for the SF-36 health survey collected by mail versus telephone interview: results from a national survey,” Medical Care, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 551–567, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. K. Watson, D. W. Firman, P. D. Baade, and I. Ring, “Telephone administration of the SF-36 health survey: validation studies and population norms for adults in Queensland,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 359–363, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. K. McElhone, J. Abbott, and L.-S. Teh, “A review of health related quality of life in systemic lupus erythematosus,” Lupus, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 633–643, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Castelino, J. Abbott, K. McElhone, and L. S. Teh, “Comparison of the psychometric properties of health-related quality of life measures used in adults with systemic lupus erythematosus: a review of the literature,” Rheumatology, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 684–696, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. C. Bombardier, D. D. Gladman, M. B. Urowitz, D. Caron, and C. H. C. Chi Hsing Chang, “Derivation of the SLEDAI. A disease activity index for lupus patients. The Committee on Prognosis Studies in SLE,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 630–640, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. Petri, M. Genovese, E. Engle, and M. Hochberg, “Definition, incidence, and clinical description of flare in systemic lupus erythematosus: a prospective cohort study,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 937–944, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. D. Gladman, E. Ginzler, C. Goldsmith et al., “The development and initial validation of the systemic lupus international collaborating clinics/American college of rheumatology damage index for systemic lupus erythematosus,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 363–369, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. P. Skapinakis, G. Lewis, and V. Mavreas, “Temporal relations between unexplained fatigue and depression: longitudinal data from an international study in primary care,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 330–335, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. Palagini, M. Mosca, C. Tani, A. Gemignani, M. Mauri, and S. Bombardieri, “Depression and systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review,” Lupus, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 409–416, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. A. da Silva, E. T. Dos Reis-Neto, N. da Silva, and E. Sato, “The effect of acute physical exercise on cytokine levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus,” Lupus, vol. 22, no. 14, pp. 1479–1483, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. K. Beusterien, J. Bell, J. Grinspan, T. Utset, H. Kan, and S. Narayanan, “Physician-patient interactions and outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): a conceptual model,” Lupus, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1038–1045, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  49. J. G. Schwartzberg, A. Cowett, J. VanGeest, and M. S. Wolf, “Communication techniques for patients with low health literacy: a survey of physicians, nurses, and pharmacists,” American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. s96–s104, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus