Table of Contents
Advances in Ecology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 547395, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/547395
Research Article

Community Structure and Distribution Pattern of Intertidal Invertebrate Macrofauna at Some Anthropogenically Influenced Coasts of Kathiawar Peninsula (India)

1Gujarat Arts and Science College, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380006, India
2Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat 360005, India

Received 28 April 2014; Revised 9 July 2014; Accepted 16 July 2014; Published 6 August 2014

Academic Editor: Calum MacNeil

Copyright © 2014 Poonam Bhadja et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. P. Crowe, R. C. Thompson, S. Bray, and S. J. Hawkins, “Impacts of anthropogenic stress on rocky intertidal communities,” Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 273–297, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. I. Kröncke, J. W. Dippner, H. Heyen, and B. Zeiss, “Long-term changes in macrofaunal communities off Norderney (East Frisia, Germany) in relation to climate variability,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 167, pp. 25–36, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. Beuchel, B. Gulliksen, and M. L. Carroll, “Long-term patterns of rocky bottom macrobenthic community structure in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard) in relation to climate variability (1980–2003),” Journal of Marine Systems, vol. 63, no. 1-2, pp. 35–48, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. B. Ikomi, F. O. Arimoro, and O. K. Odihirin, “Composition, distribution and abundance of macroinvertebrates of the upper reaches of River Ethiope Delta State, Nigeria,” The Zoologist, vol. 3, pp. 68–81, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Vaghela, P. Bhadja, J. Ramoliya, N. Patel, and R. Kundu, “Seasonal variations in the water quality, diversity and population ecology of intertidal macrofauna at an industrially influenced coast,” Water Science and Technology, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 1505–1514, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. C. Pielou, Ecological Diversity, Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY, USA, 1975.
  7. A. E. Magurran, Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement, Croom Helm Ltd., London, UK, 1988.
  8. C. F. Rabeni and G. W. Minshall, “Factors affecting microdistribution of stream benthic insects,” Oikos, vol. 29, pp. 33–43, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. S. Gray, “The measurement of marine species diversity, with an application to the benthic fauna of the Norwegian continental shelf,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 250, no. 1-2, pp. 23–49, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Jenouvrier, C. Barbraud, and H. Weimerskirch, “Effects of climate variability on the temporal population dynamics of southern fulmars,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 576–587, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. R. Johnson, S. C. Banks, N. S. Barrett et al., “Climate change cascades: shifts in oceanography, species' ranges and subtidal marine community dynamics in eastern Tasmania,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 400, no. 1-2, pp. 17–32, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. N. Mieszkowska, L. Firth, and M. Bentley, “Impacts of climate change on intertidal habitat,” Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership: Science Review, vol. 4, pp. 180–192, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. O. Ravera, “Utility and limits of biological and chemical monitoring of the aquatic environment,” Annali di Chimica, vol. 88, no. 11-12, pp. 909–913, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. APHA, AWWA, and WEF, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 19th edition, 1995.
  15. W. O. Odiete, Environmental Physiology of Animals and Pollution, Diversified Resources, Lagos, Nigeria, 1999.
  16. A. D. I. George, J. F. N. Abowei, and J. F. Alfred-Ockiya, “The distribution, abundance and seasonality of benthic macro invertebrate in Okpoka creek sediments, Niger Delta, Nigeria,” Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Bhadja and R. Kundu, “Status of the seawater quality at few industrially important coasts of Gujarat (India) off Arabian Sea,” Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 954–961, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Misra, Ecology Work Book, Oxford and IBH Publishing, Calcutta, India, 1968.
  19. C. E. Shannon and W. Weaver, The Mathematical Theory of Communication, University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Ill, USA, 1963.
  20. E. P. Odum, Fundamentals of Ecology, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 3rd edition, 1971.
  21. T. R. E. Southwood, Ecological Methods, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1978.
  22. R. R. Sokal and F. J. Rohlf, Biometry, W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1969.
  23. A. Tablado, J. J. Lopez Gappa, and N. H. Magaldi, “Growth of the pulmonate limpet Siphonaria lessoni (Blainville) in a rocky intertidal area affected by sewage pollution,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 175, no. 2, pp. 211–226, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Y. T. Ng and M. J. Keough, “Delayed effects of larval exposure to Cu in the bryozoan Watersipora subtorquata,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 257, pp. 77–85, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. L. Johnston and M. J. Keough, “Field assessment of effects of timing and frequency of copper pulses on settlement of sessile marine invertebrates,” Marine Biology, vol. 137, no. 5-6, pp. 1017–1029, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. L. Johnston and M. J. Keough, “Direct and indirect effects of repeated pollution events on marine hard-substrate assemblages,” Ecological Applications, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1212–1228, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. W. Bryan, P. E. Gibbs, L. G. Hummerstone, and G. R. Burt, “The decline of the gastropod Nucella lapillus around south-west England: evidence for the effect of tributylin from antifouling paints,” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 611–640, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. D. A. Smith, “Impact of domestic sewage effluent versus natural background variability: an example from Jervis Bay, New South Wales,” Australian Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 1045–1064, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. D. A. Smith, “The macrofaunal community of Ecklonia radiata holdfasts: variation associated with sediment regime, sponge cover and depth,” Australian Journal of Ecology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 144–153, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. G. Chapman, A. J. Underwood, and G. A. Skilleter, “Variability at different spatial scales between a subtidal assemblage exposed to the discharge of sewage and two control assemblages,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 189, no. 1-2, pp. 103–122, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. K. Dodds, “Community interactions between the filamentous alga Cladophora glomerata (L.) Kuetzing, its epiphytes, and epiphyte grazers,” Oecologia, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 572–580, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. J. Gibbons, “The impact of sediment accumulations, relative habitat complexity and elevation on rocky shore meiofauna,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 122, no. 3, pp. 225–241, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. E. Duffy and M. E. Hay, “Food and shelter as determinants of food choice by an herbivorous marine amphipod,” Ecology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 1286–1298, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. Dauby, Y. Scailteur, and C. De Broyer, “Trophic diversity within the Eastern Weddell Sea amphipod community,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 443, pp. 69–86, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Arthur, “Coral bleaching and mortality in three Indian reef regions during an El Niño southern oscillation event,” Current Science, vol. 79, no. 12, pp. 1723–1729, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. N. Gibson, “Recent studies on the biology of intertidal fishes,” Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, vol. 20, pp. 363–414, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  37. R. Balasubramanian and L. Kannan, “Physico-chemical characteristics of the coral reef environs of the Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, India,” International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 265–271, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. R. Sridhar, T. Thangaradjou, S. Senthil Kumar, and L. Kannan, “Water quality and phytoplankton characteristics in the Palk Bay, southeast coast of India,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 561–566, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. H. M. Faragallah, A. I. Askar, M. A. Okbah, and H. M. Moustafa, “Physico-chemical characteristics of the open Mediterranean Sea water for about 60 km from Damietta harbor, Egypt,” Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 106–119, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  40. S. Kundu, N. Mondal, P. S. Lyla, and S. Ajmal Khan, “Biodiversity and seasonal variation of macro-benthic infaunal community in the inshore waters of Parangipettai Coast,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 163, no. 1–4, pp. 67–79, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. N. De Souza and R. Sen Gupta, “Variations of dissolved oxygen in Mandovi and Zuari estuaries,” Indian Journal of Marine Science, vol. 15, pp. 67–71, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  42. S. Misra and R. Kundu, “Seasonal variations in population dynamics of key intertidal molluscs at two contrasting locations,” Aquatic Ecology, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 315–324, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. C. Raghunathan, A. Tewari, H. V. Joshi, V. G. S. Kumar, R. H. Trivedi, and Y. Khambhaty, “Impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopnath, Mahuva and Veraval coasts (west coast of India),” Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 214–221, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. Dey and R. P. Singh, “Comparison of chlorophyll distributions in the northeastern Arabian Sea and southern Bay of Bengal using IRS-P4 Ocean Color Monitor data,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 424–428, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. A. Khan, P. Murugesan, P. S. Lyla, and S. Jaganathan, “A new indicator macro invertebrate of pollution and utility of graphical tools and diversity indices in pollution monitoring studies,” Current Science, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 1508–1510, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. J. Underwood, “Experimental ecology of rocky intertidal habitats: what are we learning?” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 250, no. 1-2, pp. 51–76, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. Z. A. Ansari, B. S. Ingole, G. Banerjee, and A. H. Parulekar, “Spatial and temporal changes in benthic macrofauna from Mandovi and Zuari estuaries of Goa, West coast of India,” Indian Journal of Marine Science, vol. 15, pp. 223–229, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  48. R. S. Kumar, “Macrobenthos in the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwaters, Kerala (southwest coast of India),” Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 56–61, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. R. Sunil Kumar, “Intertidal zonation and seasonality of benthos in a tropical mangrove,” International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, vol. 27, no. 3-4, pp. 199–208, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. F. Baldó, J. A. Cuesta, C. Fernández-Delgado, and P. Drake, “Effect of the regulation of freshwater inflow on the physical-chemical characteristics of water and on the aquatic macrofauna in the Guadalquivir estuary,” Ciencias Marinas, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 467–476, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. B. M. Gillanders and M. J. Kingsford, “Impacts of changes in flow of freshwater on estuarine and open coastal habitats and the associated organisms,” Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, vol. 20, pp. 233–309, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  52. M. Incera, S. P. Cividanes, M. Lastra, and J. López, “Temporal and spatial variability of sedimentary organic matter in sandy beaches on the northwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 58, pp. 55–61, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. B. L. Ingram and J. C. Lin, “Geochemical tracers of sediment sources to San Francisco Bay,” Geology, vol. 30, pp. 575–578, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  54. M. O. Tanaka and F. P. P. Leite, “Spatial scaling in the distribution of macrofauna associated with Sargassum stenophyllum (Mertens) Martius: analyses of faunal groups, gammarid life habits, and assemblage structure,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 293, no. 1, pp. 1–22, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. P. R. Teske and T. H. Wooldridge, “What limits the distribution of subtidal macrobenthos in permanently open and temporarily open/closed South African estuaries? Salinity vs. sediment particle size,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 57, no. 1-2, pp. 225–238, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. M. D. Wildsmith, I. C. Potter, F. J. Valesini, and M. E. Platell, “Do the assemblages of benthic macroinvertebrates in nearshore waters of Western Australia vary among habitat types, zones and seasons?” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 217–232, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. T. Lasiak, “The putative impact of exploitation on rocky infratidal macrofaunal assemblages: a multiple-area comparison,” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 23–34, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. T. Lasiak, “The susceptibility and/or resilience of Rocky Littoral molluscs to stock depletion by the indigenous coastal people of Transkei, Southern Africa,” Biological Conservation, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 245–264, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. T. Lasiak, “Spatial variation in density and biomass of patellid limpets inside and outside a marine protected area,” Journal of Molluscan Studies, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 137–142, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. B. Gohil and R. Kundu, “Ecological status of Cellana radiata at Dwarka Coast, Gujarat, India,” Research Journal of Recent Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 1–5, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  61. B. Gohil and R. Kundu, “Ecological status of Cerethium caeruleum at Dwarka coast, Gujarat (India),” Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Science, vol. 42, pp. 481–486, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  62. M. N. Prasad and A. P. Mansuri, “Population density of the Limpet, Cellana radiata (Born) in polluted waters at Porbandar, West coast of India,” Indian Journal of Marine Science, vol. 11, pp. 180–181, 1982. View at Google Scholar