Advances in Ecology / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Effects of Climate Change and Various Grassland Management Practices on Grasshopper (Orthoptera) Assemblages

Table 1

(a) The most important environmental parameters of the sampled areas; (b) main macroclimate parameters of the sampled areas.
(a)

Sampl. areaHeight above sea-level (m)BedrockExposureSoilLocal cover of humid grasslandsHab. size (hect.)Veg. coverVeg. av. height1Water level (m)Landuse

NySCf*190Gravelfenny6 1060–90 90–100 cm−0.8–0.0Nonmanaged
KSCf*135Turffenny24 6480–100 70–80 cm−1.5–0.1Mowing2
grazing3
LLCf*120Turffenny11 8470–90 80–90 cm−0.7–0.0Mowing4
NySM**195Gravelsand6 5080–90 40–60 cm−2.0–0.5Mowing2
LKM**120Turfturf6 3070–90 60–80 cm−1.5–0.7Nonmanaged

before mowing and grazing; once a year (July, August); moderately (0.1 beef/hectare) in late summer/autumn; 4mowing of Cladium mariscus had happened for two years in order to control its serious pressure on other grass species; *Cf = Calcareous fen, **M = Molinietum.
(b)

Mean temperature (°C)Mean rainfall (mm)
200320052007200920102011200320052007200920102011

April10.21113.11411.313.525622116721
May18.11617.416.316.216.22260937013219
June22.818.321.617.818.6211571534714247
July22.12021.92121.821.27212053843786
August23.2182021.22121.8662041726315541
September15.816.11417.614.517.532591223113223
Annual10.99.71110.99.811.1490765840700950350