Table of Contents
Advances in Epidemiology
Volume 2014, Article ID 694213, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/694213
Research Article

Malarial Infection in HIV Infected Pregnant Women Attending a Rural Antenatal Clinic in Nigeria

1Department of Biological Sciences, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Higher Institute of Health Sciences, Adventist Cosendai University, Nanga Eboko, Cameroon
3Department of Biology, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria
4Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
5Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benué State, Nigeria

Received 2 May 2014; Accepted 24 June 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Chi-Yung Shang

Copyright © 2014 R. S. Houmsou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. WHO, “Malaria and HIV/AIDS interactions and implications. Conclusions of a Technical Consultation convened by WHO,” 2004, http://www.emro.who.int/aiecf/web26.pdf.
  2. R. W. Steketee, B. L. Nahlen, M. E. Parise, and C. Menendez, “The burden of malaria in pregnancy in malaria-endemic areas,” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 64, no. 1-2, pp. 28–35, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. O. Ter Kuile, M. E. Parise, F. H. Verhoeff et al., “The burden of co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and malaria in pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 41–54, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. D. Perrault, J. Hajek, K. Zhong et al., “Human immunodeficiency virus co-infection increases placental parasite density and transplacental malaria transmission in western Kenya,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 119–125, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. M. van Eijk, J. G. Ayisi, F. O. Ter Kuile et al., “HIV increases the risk of malaria in women of all gravidities in Kisumu, Kenya,” AIDS, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 595–603, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. H. Verhoeff, B. J. Brabin, C. A. Hart, L. Chimsuku, P. Kazembe, and R. L. Broadhead, “Increased prevalence of malaria in HIV-infected pregnant women and its implications for malaria control,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 5–12, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Global Report, “UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic,” 2010.
  8. “Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheet,” http://nigeria.usembassy.gov.
  9. R. S. Houmsou, E. U. Amuta, and T. T. Sar, “Malaria prevention during pregnancy: awareness and factors contributing to disease occurrence among pregnant women in Gboko metropolis,” Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 36–40, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. R. S. Houmsou, E. U. Amuta, T. T. Sar, and A. A. Adie, “Malarial infection in pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Gboko, Benue State, Nigeria,” International Journal of Academic Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 33–36, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  11. R. S. Houmsou, E. U. Amuta, B. E. Wama, T. D. Hile, and J. B. Bingbeng, “Occurrence of malaria in children under five years: knowledge, attitudes and perceptions among mothers in a semi-urban area of Benue State, Nigeria,” Journal of Scientific Research & Reports, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1127–1134, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  12. E. U. Amuta, R. S. Houmsou, E. Wama, and M. Ameh, “Malarial infection among antenatal and maternity clinics attendees at the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria,” Infectious Disease Reports, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 5050, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Centre for Integrated Health Programs, http://www.cihpng.org/.
  14. M. Cheesbrough, Medical Laboratory Manual for Countries Part 2, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2nd edition, 2000.
  15. WHO, “Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment severity,” in Micronutrients Indicators: Vitamin A and Mineral Nutrition Information System, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  16. A. O. Sanyaolu, A. F. Fagbenro-Beyioku, W. A. Oyibo, O. S. Badaru, O. S. Onyeabor, and C. I. Nnaemeka, “Malaria and HIV co-infection and their effect on haemoglobin levels from three healthcare institutions in Lagos, southwest Nigeria,” African Health Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 295–300, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. A. P. Kapito-Tembo, Malaria and anemia in HIV-infected pregnant women in Malawi: associations with cotrimoxazole prophylaxis, submicroscopic malaria, iron supplementation and iron deficiency [Ph.D. thesis], University of North Carolina, 2010.
  18. J. Ladner, V. Leroy, A. Simonon et al., “HIV infection, malaria, and pregnancy: a prospective cohort study in Kigali, Rwanda,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 56–60, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. W. Steketee, J. J. Wirima, P. B. Bloland et al., “Impairment of a pregnant woman’s acquired ability to limit Plasmodium falciparum by infection with human immunodeficiency virus type-1,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 55, supplement, no. 1, pp. 42–49, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. M. Mount, V. Mwapasa, S. R. Elliott et al., “Impairment of humoral immunity to Plasmodium falciparum malaria in pregnancy by HIV infection,” The Lancet, vol. 363, no. 9424, pp. 1860–1867, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. U. Amuta, R. S. Houmsou, and A. W. Diya, “Malarial infection among HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and not on ART: a case study of Federal Medical Centre Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. S378–S381, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Kasirye, J. Levin, P. Munderi et al., “Epidemiology of malaria in HIV infected Ugandan patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART)—a prospective cohort study,” in Proceedings of the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention, Cape Town, South Africa, July 2009.
  23. T. S. Skinner-Adams, J. S. McCarthy, D. L. Gardiner, and K. T. Andrews, “HIV and malaria co-infection: interactions and consequences of chemotherapy,” Trends in Parasitology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 264–271, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus