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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2011, Article ID 948135, 11 pages
Research Article

Comparisons of Brightness Temperatures of Landsat-7/ETM+ and Terra/MODIS around Hotien Oasis in the Taklimakan Desert

1Department of Global Environment Studies, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, 2-1-1, Miyake, Saeki-ku, Hiroshima 731-5193, Japan
2Japan Meteorological Consultant Association, 6-32-10, Hirai, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 132-0035, Japan

Received 15 December 2010; Revised 22 February 2011; Accepted 20 March 2011

Academic Editor: Michel C. Nolin

Copyright © 2011 Yoshinari Oguro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The brightness temperature (BT) of Taklimakan Desert retrieved from the data of Landsat-7/ETM+ band 6 and Terra/MODIS band 31 and 32 indicates the following features: (1) good linear relationship between the BT of ETM+ and that of MODIS, (2) the observation time adjusted BT of ETM+ is almost equal to that of MODIS, (3) the BT of Terra/MODIS band 31 is slightly higher than that of band 32 over a reservoir while opposite feature is recognized over desert area, (4) the statistical analysis of 225 sample data of ETM+ in one pixel of MODIS for different landcovers indicates that the standard deviation and range of BT of ETM+ corresponding to one pixel of MODIS are 0.45C, 2.25C for a flat area of desert, while respective values of the oasis farmland and shading side of rocky hill amount to 2.88C, 14.04C, and 2.80C, 16.04C.