Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2012, Article ID 351609, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/351609
Research Article

Impact of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea) and Flax (Linum usitatissimum) Seed Meal Applications on Soil Carbon, Nitrogen, and Microbial Dynamics

Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, 370 Olsen Boulevard, Heep Center 550A, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2474, USA

Received 13 May 2011; Accepted 14 June 2011

Academic Editor: David C. Weindorf

Copyright © 2012 Autumn S. Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is a critical need to investigate how land application of dedicated biofuel oilseed meals affects soil ecosystems. In this study, mustard (Brassica juncea) and flax (Linum usitatissimum) seed meals and sorghum-sudangrass (Sorghum bicolor) were added to soil at levels of 0, 1, 2.5, and 5% (w/w). Both the type of amendment and application rate affected soil organic C, total C & N, and C & N mineralization. Mustard meal amendment initially inhibited C mineralization as compared to flax, but >50% of mustard and flax organic C was mineralized within 51 d. Nitrogen mineralization was similar for flax and mustard, except for the 2.5% rate for which a lower proportion of mustard N was converted to nitrate. The mustard meal greatly impacted microbial community composition, appearing to select for specific fungal populations. The potential varying impacts of different oilseed meals on soil ecosystems should be considered when developing recommendations for land application.