Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2012, Article ID 506302, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/506302
Research Article

Temporal Variation of N Isotopic Composition of Decomposing Legume Roots and Its Implications to N Cycling Estimates in Tracer Studies in Agroforestry Systems

1Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 27, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2Bioversity International, P.O. Box 236, UPM Post office, Serdang, 43400 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
3UR1321 ASTRO Agrosystèmes Tropicaux, INRA, 97170 Petit-Bourg, France

Received 8 May 2012; Revised 13 July 2012; Accepted 29 July 2012

Academic Editor: William R. Horwath

Copyright © 2012 Riina Jalonen and Jorge Sierra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. E. Giller, Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems, CABI, Wallingford, UK, 2001.
  2. P. L. Mafongoya, K. E. Giller, and C. A. Palm, “Decomposition and nitrogen release patterns of tree prunings and litter,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 38, no. 1–3, pp. 77–97, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. Sanginga, B. Vanlauwe, and S. K. A. Danso, “Management of biological N2 fixation in alley cropping systems: estimation and contribution to N balance,” Plant and Soil, vol. 174, no. 1-2, pp. 119–141, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Daudin and J. Sierra, “Spatial and temporal variation of below-ground N transfer from a leguminous tree to an associated grass in an agroforestry system,” Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 126, no. 3-4, pp. 275–280, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Sierra and D. Daudin, “Limited 15N transfer from stem-labeled leguminous trees to associated grass in an agroforestry system,” European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 240–242, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Sierra, D. Daudin, A. M. Domenach, P. Nygren, and L. Desfontaines, “Nitrogen transfer from a legume tree to the associated grass estimated by the isotopic signature of tree root exudates: a comparison of the 15N leaf feeding and natural 15N abundance methods,” European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 27, no. 2–4, pp. 178–186, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Sierra and N. Motisi, “Shift in C and N humification during legume litter decomposition in an acid tropical ferralsol,” Soil Research, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 380–389, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Högberg, “Tansley review no. 95 natural abundance in soil-plant systems,” New Phytologist, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 179–203, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. P. G. Gauthier, M. Lamothe, A. Mahé et al., “Metabolic origin of δ15N values in nitrogenous compounds from Brassica napus L. leaves,” Plant, Cell and Environment. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Jalonen, P. Nygren, and J. Sierra, “Transfer of nitrogen from a tropical legume tree to an associated fodder grass via root exudation and common mycelial networks,” Plant, Cell and Environment, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1366–1376, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. D. F. Khan, M. B. Peoples, and D. F. Herridge, “Quantifying below-ground nitrogen of legumes: 1. Optimising procedures for 15N shoot-labelling,” Plant and Soil, vol. 245, no. 2, pp. 327–334, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. C. Adair, W. J. Parton, S. J. Del Grosso et al., “Simple three-pool model accurately describes patterns of long-term litter decomposition in diverse climates,” Global Change Biology, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 2636–2660, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. M. Henriksen and T. A. Breland, “Evaluation of criteria for describing crop residue degradability in a model of carbon and nitrogen turnover in soil,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1135–1149, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Hadas, T. A. Doane, A. W. Kramer, C. Van Kessel, and W. R. Horwath, “Modelling the turnover of 15N-labelled fertilizer and cover crop in soil and its recovery by maize,” European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 541–552, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. Wichern, E. Eberhardt, J. Mayer, R. G. Joergensen, and T. Müller, “Nitrogen rhizodeposition in agricultural crops: methods, estimates and future prospects,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 30–48, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. F. Khan, M. B. Peoples, P. M. Chalk, and D. F. Herridge, “Quantifying below-ground nitrogen of legumes. 2. A comparison of 15N and non isotopic methods,” Plant and Soil, vol. 239, no. 2, pp. 277–289, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Sierra, M. Dulormne, and L. Desfontaines, “Soil nitrogen as affected by Gliricidia sepium in a silvopastoral system in Guadeloupe, French Antilles,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 87–97, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Sierra and P. Nygren, “Transfer of N fixed by a legume tree to the associated grass in a tropical silvopastoral system,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 1893–1903, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. A. Paul and F. E. Clark, Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 2nd edition, 1996.
  20. G. Schroth and W. Zech, “Above- and below-ground biomass dynamics in a sole cropping and an alley cropping system with Gliricidia sepium in the semi-deciduous rainforest zone of West Africa,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 181–198, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Abiven, S. Recous, V. Reyes, and R. Oliver, “Mineralisation of C and N from root, stem and leaf residues in soil and role of their biochemical quality,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 119–128, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. S. Jensen, T. Salo, F. Palmason et al., “Influence of biochemical quality on C and N mineralisation from a broad variety of plant materials in soil,” Plant and Soil, vol. 273, no. 1-2, pp. 307–326, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Hamlett, L. Ryan, and R. Wolfinger, “On the use of PROC MIXED to estimate correlation in the presence of repeated measures,” in Proceedings of the SAS SUGI Conference, Montréal, Canada, May 2004.
  24. B. Nicolardot, S. Recous, and B. Mary, “Simulation of C and N mineralisation during crop residue decomposition: a simple dynamic model based on the C:N ratio of the residues,” Plant and Soil, vol. 228, no. 1, pp. 83–103, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. Raphael, J. Sierra, S. Recous, H. Ozier-Lafontaine, and L. Desfontaines, “Soil turnover of crop residues from the banana (Musa AAA cv. Petite-Naine) mother plant and simultaneous uptake by the daughter plant of released nitrogen,” European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 117–123, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. Brisson, C. Gary, E. Justes et al., “An overview of the crop model STICS,” European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 18, no. 3-4, pp. 309–332, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. N. Brisson, B. Mary, D. Ripoche et al., “STICS: a generic model for the simulation of crops and their water and nitrogen balances. I. Theory and parameterization applied to wheat and corn,” Agronomie, vol. 18, no. 5-6, pp. 311–346, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Ishikawa, G. V. Subbarao, O. Ito, and K. Okada, “Suppression of nitrification and nitrous oxide emission by the tropical grass Brachiaria humidicola,” Plant and Soil, vol. 255, no. 1, pp. 413–419, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. N. Courtaillac, R. Baran, R. Oliver, H. Casabianca, and F. Ganry, “Efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer in the sugarcane-vertical system in Guadeloupe according to growth and ratoon age of the cane,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. Cruz, “Effect of shade on the carbon and nitrogen allocation in a perennial tropical grass, Dichanthium aristatum,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 48, no. 306, pp. 15–24, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. D. Bending, M. K. Turner, and I. G. Burns, “Fate of nitrogen from crop residues as affected by biochemical quality and the microbial biomass,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 30, no. 14, pp. 2055–2065, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. B. Chaves, S. De Neve, G. Hofman, P. Boeckx, and O. Van Cleemput, “Nitrogen mineralization of vegetable root residues and green manures as related to their (bio)chemical composition,” European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 161–170, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Sierra and P. Nygren, “Role of root inputs from a dinitrogen-fixing tree in soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration in a tropical agroforestry system,” Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 667–675, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. G. Mayer and D. G. Butler, “Statistical validation,” Ecological Modelling, vol. 68, no. 1-2, pp. 21–32, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. PEST, Model-Independent Parameter Estimation. User Manual, Watermark Numerical Computing, Brisbane, Australia, 2004.
  36. D. S. Jenkinson, R. H. Fox, and J. H. Rayner, “Interactions between fertilizer nitrogen and soil nitrogen—the so-called “priming” effect,” Journal of Soil Science, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 425–444, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  37. D. Loqué and N. Von Wirén, “Regulatory levels for the transport of ammonium in plant roots,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 55, no. 401, pp. 1293–1305, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Y. M. Cabidoche and P. Guillaume, “A casting method for the three-dimensionql analysis of the intraprism structural pores in vertisols,” European Journal of Soil Science, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 187–196, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Jalonen, P. Nygren, and J. Sierra, “Root exudates of a legume tree as a nitrogen source for a tropical fodder grass,” Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 203–213, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. W. Jingguo and L. R. Bakken, “Competition for nitrogen during decomposition of plant residues in soil: effect of spatial placement of N-rich and N-poor plant residues,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 153–162, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. Hinsinger, A. G. Bengough, D. Vetterlein, and I. M. Young, “Rhizosphere: biophysics, biogeochemistry and ecological relevance,” Plant and Soil, vol. 321, no. 1-2, pp. 117–152, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. F. Ledgard and K. W. Steele, “Biological nitrogen fixation in mixed legume/grass pastures,” Plant and Soil, vol. 141, no. 1-2, pp. 137–153, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. R. Chintu and A. R. Zaharah, “Nitrogen uptake of maize (Zea mays. L) from isotope-labeled biomass of Paraserianthes falcataria grown under controlled conditions,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 101–107, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. O. B. Hesterman, M. P. Russelle, C. C. Sheaffer, and G. H. Heichel, “Nitrogen utilization from fertilizer and legume residues in legume-corn rotations,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 726–731, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  45. E. S. Jensen, “Availability of nitrogen in 15N-labelled mature pea residues to subsequent crops in the field,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 465–472, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. C. A. Palm, “Contribution of agroforestry trees to nutrient requirements of intercropped plants,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 30, no. 1-2, pp. 105–124, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. I. K. Thomsen, J. M. Oades, and M. Amato, “Turnover of 15N in undisturbed root systems and plants materials added to three soils,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 28, no. 10-11, pp. 1333–1339, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. M. McNeill, C. Zhu, and I. R. P. Fillery, “Use of in situ15N-labelling to estimate the total below-ground nitrogen of pasture legumes in intact soil-plant systems,” Australian Journal of Agriculture Research, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 295–304, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus