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Applied and Environmental Soil Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 687160, 6 pages
Research Article

Lifestyle Influence on the Content of Copper, Zinc and Rubidium in Wild Mushrooms

1Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Tecnologia Agraria, UCLM, Ciudad Real, Spain
2Instituto Regional de Investigación Científica Aplicada (IRICA) and Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
3Departamento de ciencias de la Navegación y de la Tierra, Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain

Received 2 December 2011; Revised 3 February 2012; Accepted 6 February 2012

Academic Editor: Philip White

Copyright © 2012 J. A. Campos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concentration of 18 trace elements in several species of fungi (arranged in three groups: ectomycorrhizae, saprobes, and epiphytes) has been determined. The measurements were made using the methodology of X-ray fluorescence. Higher contents of Cu and Rb (with statistical support) have been found in the ectomycorrhizal species. The Zn content reached higher concentrations in the saprophytic species. According to the normality test and the search for outliers, the species Clitocybe maxima and Suillus bellini accumulate large amounts of Cu and Rb, respectively, so that both can be named as “outliers.” The leftwards displacement of the density curves and their nonnormality are attributed to the presence of these two species, which exhibit hyperaccumulation skills for Cu and Rb, respectively. Regarding Zn absorption, no particular species were classified as outlier; therefore it can be assumed that the observed differences between the different groups of fungi are due to differences in their nutritional physiology.