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Advances in Hematology
Volume 2011, Article ID 854240, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/854240
Case Report

Recurrent Neurotropic Chloroma: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

1Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA
2Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA

Received 30 August 2010; Revised 25 October 2010; Accepted 7 November 2010

Academic Editor: M. R. Baer

Copyright © 2011 Richard Bakst et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We are reporting a case of a young woman with acute myelogenous leukemia status postallogeneic transplantation who developed multiply recurrent chloromas occurring along peripheral nerves in the absence of bone marrow relapse, all treated with radiation therapy. The patient is currently free of disease nearly four years after her first posttransplant chloroma. The case presented is unique for its isolated peripheral nervous system involvement, rare posttransplant occurrence, and indolent course without marrow relapse despite multiple extramedullary recurrences.