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Advances in Human-Computer Interaction
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 450385, 11 pages
Research Article

Sensing-Based Interaction for Information Navigation on Handheld Displays

Deutsche Telekom Laboratories, TU Berlin, Ernst-Reuter-Platz 7, 10587 Berlin, Germany

Received 1 December 2007; Accepted 14 July 2008

Academic Editor: Luca Chittaro

Copyright © 2008 Michael Rohs and Georg Essl. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Information navigation on handheld displays is characterized by the small display dimensions and limited input capabilities of today’s mobile devices. Special strategies are required to help users navigate to off-screen content and develop awareness of spatial layouts despite the small display. Yet, handheld devices offer interaction possibilities that desktop computers do not. Handheld devices can easily be moved in space and used as a movable window into a large virtual workspace. We investigate different information navigation methods for small-scale handheld displays using a range of sensor technologies for spatial tracking. We compare user performance in an abstract map navigation task and discuss the tradeoffs of the different sensor and visualization techniques.