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Advances in Human-Computer Interaction
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 319406, 21 pages
Research Article

The SEMAINE API: Towards a Standards-Based Framework for Building Emotion-Oriented Systems

German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence DFKI GmbH, Stuhlsatzenhausweg 3, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany

Received 25 March 2009; Accepted 11 October 2009

Academic Editor: Anton Batliner

Copyright © 2010 Marc Schröder. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents the SEMAINE API, an open source framework for building emotion-oriented systems. By encouraging and simplifying the use of standard representation formats, the framework aims to contribute to interoperability and reuse of system components in the research community. By providing a Java and C++ wrapper around a message-oriented middleware, the API makes it easy to integrate components running on different operating systems and written in different programming languages. The SEMAINE system 1.0 is presented as an example of a full-scale system built on top of the SEMAINE API. Three small example systems are described in detail to illustrate how integration between existing and new components is realised with minimal effort.