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Advances in Human-Computer Interaction
Volume 2014, Article ID 474652, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/474652
Research Article

Dimensions of Situatedness for Digital Public Displays

1Algoritmi Centre, University of Minho, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal
2Department of Media Technology, Faculty of Technology, Linnæus University, 35195 Växjö, Sweden
3CITAR/School of Arts, Portuguese Catholic University, 4169-005 Porto, Portugal

Received 30 May 2014; Revised 27 November 2014; Accepted 28 November 2014; Published 22 December 2014

Academic Editor: Marco Mamei

Copyright © 2014 Rui José et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Public displays are often strongly situated signs deeply embedded in their physical, social, and cultural setting. Understanding how the display is coupled with on-going situations, its level of situatedness, provides a key element for the interpretation of the displays themselves but is also an element for the interpretation of place, its situated practices, and its social context. Most digital displays, however, do not achieve the same sense of situatedness that seems so natural in their nondigital counterparts. This paper investigates people’s perception of situatedness when considering the connection between public displays and their context. We have collected over 300 photos of displays and conducted a set of analysis tasks involving focus groups and structured interviews with 15 participants. The contribution is a consolidated list of situatedness dimensions that should provide a valuable resource for reasoning about situatedness in digital displays and informing the design and development of display systems.