Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2015, Article ID 615458, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/615458
Research Article

Search for Long-Range Correlations in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at SPS Energies

1Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India
2Department of Applied Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India

Received 22 July 2014; Accepted 12 September 2014

Academic Editor: Venktesh Singh

Copyright © 2015 Shakeel Ahmad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.

Linked References

  1. S. Ahmad, A. Ahmad, A. Chandra, M. Zafar, and M. Irfan, “Entropy analysis in relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” Advances in High Energy Physics, vol. 2013, Article ID 836071, 10 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Rybezynski, “STAR’s measurement of correlations and fluctuations between photons and charged particles at forward rapidities at RHIC,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 35, no. 10, Article ID 104094, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. E. V. Shuryak, “Quantum chromodynamics and the theory of superdense matter,” Physics Reports. Section C of Physics Letters, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 71–158, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  4. S. Ahmad, A. Ahmad, A. Chandra et al., “Forward-backward multiplicity fluctuations in 200A GeV/c 16O-AgBr and 32S-AgBr collisions,” Physics Scripta, vol. 87, no. 4, Article ID 045201, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. Alver, B. B. Back, M. D. Baker et al., “Cluster properties from two-particle angular correlations in p+p collisions at s=200 and 410 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 75, Article ID 054913, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  6. B. I. Ablev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed et al., “Growth of long range forward-backward multiplicity correlations with centrality in Au+Au collisions at SNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 103, no. 17, Article ID 172301, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. T. J. Tarnowsky, “Probing the quark-gluon phase transition using energy and system-size dependence of long-range multiplicity correlations in heavy ion collisions from the STAR experiment,” Indian Journal of Physics, vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 1091–1095, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. K. Srivastava, R. P. Scharenberg, and T. J. Tarnowsky, “Understanding the particle production mechanism with correlation studies using long and short range correlations,” International Journal of Modern Physics E, vol. 16, p. 2210, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. G. Singh, K. Sengupta, A. Z. M. Ismail, and P. L. Jain, “Long-range correlations in nucleus-nucleus interactions at ultrahigh energies,” Physical Review C, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1835–1839, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Shakeel, W. B. Tak, N. Ahmad et al., “Cluster production in 14.5 A GeV/c Si-NUCLEUS collisions,” International Journal of Modern Physics E, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 121, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. E. L. Berger, “Rapidity correlations at fixed multiplicity in cluster emission models,” Nuclear Physics B, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 61–101, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. W. Li, “Two-particle angular correlations in p+p and Cu+Cu collisions at PHOBOS,” Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 34, no. 8, Article ID S1005, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. W. Li, “System size dependence of two-particle angular correlations in p+p, Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 35, no. 10, Article ID 104142, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. R. E. Ansorge, B. Åsman, C. N. Booth et al., “Charged particle correlations in pp collisions at c.m. energies of 200, 546 and 900 GeV,” Zeitschrift für Physik C, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 191–213, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  15. S. Ahmad, A. Chandra, M. Zafar, M. Irfan, and A. Ahmad, “Short- and long-range multiplicity correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions,” International Journal of Modern Physics E, vol. 22, no. 9, Article ID 1350066, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. K. Alpgard, S. Berglunde, K. Berkelman et al., “Forward-backward multiplicity correlations in p-p-collisions at s=540 Gev,” Physics Letters B, vol. 123, no. 5, pp. 361–366, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. G. J. Alner, K. Alpgård, P. Anderer et al., “UA5: a general study of proton-antiproton physics at s = 546 GeV,” Physics Reports, vol. 154, no. 5-6, pp. 247–283, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Alexopoulos, C. Allen, E. W. Anderson et al., “Charged particle multiplicity correlations in pp- collisions at s=0.3-1.8 TeV,” Physics Letters B, vol. 353, no. 1, pp. 155–160, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. W. D. Walker, “Multiparton interactions and hadron structure,” Physical Review D, vol. 69, Article ID 034007, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Capella, U. Sukhatme, C.-I. Tan, and J. Tran Thanh Van, “Dual parton model,” Physics Reports, vol. 236, no. 4-5, pp. 225–329, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. Y. V. Kovchegov, E. Levin, and L. McLerran, “Large scale rapidity correlations in heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 63, Article ID 024903, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. B. K. Srivastava, “Fluctuations and correlations in STAR,” The European Physical Journal A, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 862–867, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Bzdak, “Forward-backward multiplicity correlations in AuAu collisions,” Acta Physica Polonica B, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 2029–2032, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. P. Konchakovski, M. Hauer, G. Torrieri, M. I. Gorenstein, and E. L. Bratkovskaya, “Forward-backward correlations in nucleus-nucleus collisions: baseline contributions from geometrical fluctuations,” Physical Review C, vol. 79, Article ID 034910, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. B. Alver, B. B. Back, M. D. Bake et al., “System size dependence of cluster properties from two-particle angular correlations in Cu + Cu and Au + Au collisions at sNN=200 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 81, Article ID 024904, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. J. L. Albacete, A. Dumitru, and C. Marquet, “The initial state of heavy-ion collisions,” International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 28, Article ID 1340010, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Skoby, “Forward-backward multiplicity correlations at STAR,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 854, no. 1, pp. 113–116, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. J. Tarnowski, “Recent results of fluctuation and correlation studies from the STAR experiment,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 230, no. 1, Article ID 012025, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  29. B. Alver, B. B. Back, M. D. Baker et al., “Multiplicity fluctuations in Au + Au collisions at RHIC,” International Journal of Modern Physics E, vol. 16, no. 7-8, pp. 2187–2192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. A. K. Dash, D. P. Mahapatra, and B. Mohanty, “Expectation of forward-backward rapidity correlations in p + p collisions at the LHC energies,” International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 27, no. 14, Article ID 1250079, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. Y. L. Yan, D.-M. Zhou, B.-G. Dong et al., “Centrality dependence of forward-backward multiplicity correlation in Au+Au collisions at sNN = 200 GeV,” Physical Review C, vol. 81, Article ID 044914, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. Y. L. Yan, B. G. Dong, D. M. Zhou, X. M. Li, H. L. Ma, and B. H. Sa, “Forward-backward multiplicity correlations in pp, p-p and Au+Au collisions at RHIC energy,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 834, pp. 320C–322C, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. A. Abdelsalam, M. S. El-Nagdy, and E. A. Shaat, “Study of relativistic forward-backward hadron production in the inter-actions of 3He and 4He with emulsion nuclei at Dubna energy,” Fizika B, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 9–22, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  34. J. Fu, “Statistical interpretation of multiplicity distributions and forward-backward multiplicity correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 77, Article ID 027902, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. A. Korner and M. Lublinsky, “Angular and long range rapidity correlations in particle production at high energy,” International Journal of Modern Physics E, vol. 22, no. 1, Article ID 1330001, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. P. L. Jain, K. Sengupta, and G. Singh, “Short- and long-range correlations of produced particles at very high energies,” Physical Review D, vol. 34, pp. 2886–2889, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Capella and A. Krzywicki, “Unitarity corrections to short-range order: long-range rapidity correlations,” Physical Review D, vol. 18, p. 4120, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. I. Adamovich, M. M. Aggarwal, Y. A. Alexandrov et al., “Produced particle multiplicity dependence on centrality in nucleus—nucleus collisions,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 22, no. 10, p. 1469, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. S. Ahmad, M. M. Khan, N. Ahmad, and A. Ahmad, “Erraticity behaviour in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1145–1152, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. S. Ahmad, A. R. Khan, M. Zafar, and M. Irfan, “On multifractality and multifractal specific heat in ion-ion collisions,” Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 538–547, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. L. Cherry, A. Dabrowska, P. Deines-Jones et al., “Event-by-event analysis of high multiplicity Pb(158 GeV/nucleon)-Ag/Br collisions,” Acta Physica Polonica B, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 2129–2146, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  42. Z. W. Lin, C. M. Ko, B. A. Li, B. Zhang, and S. Pal, “Multiphase transport model for relativistic heavy ion collisions,” Physical Review C, vol. 72, Article ID 064901, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. C. F. Powell, P. H. Fowler, and D. H. Perkins, The Study of Elementary Particles by Photographic Method, Pergamon Press, Oxter, UK, 1959.
  44. M. J. Adamovich, Y. A. Alexandrov, S. A. Asimov et al., “Multiplicities and rapidity densities in 200 A GeV 16O interactions with emulsion nuclei,” Physics Letters B, vol. 201, no. 3, pp. 397–402, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. Y.-L. Xie, G. Chen, J.-L. Wang, Z.-H. Liu, and M.-J. Wang, “Scaling properties of multiplicity fluctuations in heavy-ion collisions simulated by AMPT model,” Nuclear Physics A, vol. 920, pp. 33–44, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. N. Li, S. Shi, A. Tang, and Y. Wu, “The study of non-collectivity by the forward–backward multiplicity correlation function,” Journal of Physics G, vol. 39, no. 11, Article ID 115105, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. X. N. Wang, “Role of multiple minijets in high-energy hadronic reactions,” Physical Review D, vol. 43, p. 104, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. B. Zhang, “ZPC 1.0.1: a parton cascade for ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions,” Computer Physics Communications, vol. 109, no. 2-3, pp. 193–206, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar