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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2015, Article ID 879871, 13 pages
Review Article

Searching for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay of 130Te with CUORE

D. R. Artusa,1,2 F. T. Avignone III,1 O. Azzolini,3 M. Balata,2 T. I. Banks,2,4,5 G. Bari,6 J. Beeman,7 F. Bellini,8,9 A. Bersani,10 M. Biassoni,11,12 C. Brofferio,11,12 C. Bucci,2 X. Z. Cai,13 A. Camacho,3 L. Canonica,2 X. G. Cao,13 S. Capelli,11,12 L. Carbone,12 L. Cardani,8,9 M. Carrettoni,11,12 N. Casali,2 D. Chiesa,11,12 N. Chott,1 M. Clemenza,11,12 S. Copello,14 C. Cosmelli,8,9 O. Cremonesi,12 R. J. Creswick,1 I. Dafinei,9 A. Dally,15 V. Datskov,12 A. De Biasi,3 M. M. Deninno,6 S. Di Domizio,10,14 M. L. di Vacri,2 L. Ejzak,15 D. Q. Fang,13 H. A. Farach,1 M. Faverzani,11,12 G. Fernandes,10,14 E. Ferri,11,12 F. Ferroni,8,9 E. Fiorini,11,12 M. A. Franceschi,16 S. J. Freedman,4,5 B. K. Fujikawa,5 A. Giachero,11,12 L. Gironi,11,12 A. Giuliani,17 J. Goett,2 P. Gorla,2 C. Gotti,11,12 T. D. Gutierrez,18 E. E. Haller,7,19 K. Han,5 K. M. Heeger,20 R. Hennings-Yeomans,4 H. Z. Huang,21 R. Kadel,22 K. Kazkaz,23 G. Keppel,3 Yu. G. Kolomensky,4,22 Y. L. Li,13 C. Ligi,16 X. Liu,21 Y. G. Ma,13 C. Maiano,11,12 M. Maino,11,12 M. Martinez,24 R. H. Maruyama,20 Y. Mei,5 N. Moggi,6 S. Morganti,9 T. Napolitano,16 S. Nisi,2 C. Nones,25 E. B. Norman,23,26 A. Nucciotti,11,12 T. O’Donnell,4 F. Orio,9 D. Orlandi,2 J. L. Ouellet,4,5 M. Pallavicini,10,14 V. Palmieri,3 L. Pattavina,2 M. Pavan,11,12 M. Pedretti,23 G. Pessina,12 V. Pettinacci,9 G. Piperno,8,9 C. Pira,3 S. Pirro,2 E. Previtali,12 V. Rampazzo,3 C. Rosenfeld,1 C. Rusconi,12 E. Sala,11,12 S. Sangiorgio,23 N. D. Scielzo,23 M. Sisti,11,12 A. R. Smith,5 L. Taffarello,27 M. Tenconi,17 F. Terranova,11,12 W. D. Tian,13 C. Tomei,9 S. Trentalange,21 G. Ventura,28,29 M. Vignati,9 B. S. Wang,23,26 H. W. Wang,13 L. Wielgus,15 J. Wilson,1 L. A. Winslow,21 T. Wise,15,20 A. Woodcraft,30 L. Zanotti,11,12 C. Zarra,2 B. X. Zhu,21 and S. Zucchelli6,31

1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
2INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi, 67010 L’Aquila, Italy
3INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, 35020 Padova, Italy
4Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
5Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
6INFN, Sezione di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
7Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
8Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, 00185 Roma, Italy
9INFN, Sezione di Roma, 00185 Roma, Italy
10INFN, Sezione di Genova, 16146 Genova, Italy
11Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
12INFN, Sezione di Milano Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy
13Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
14Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Genova, 16146 Genova, Italy
15Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
16INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, 00044 Roma, Italy
17Centre de Spectrométrie Nucléaire et de Spectrométrie de Masse, Orsay Campus, 91405 Orsay, France
18Physics Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
19Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
20Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
21Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
22Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
23Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550, USA
24Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear y Astroparticulas, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
25Service de Physique des Particules, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
26Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
27INFN, Sezione di Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
28Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Firenze, 50125 Firenze, Italy
29INFN, Sezione di Firenze, 50125 Firenze, Italy
30SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
31Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy

Received 25 February 2014; Accepted 30 April 2014

Academic Editor: Abhijit Samanta

Copyright © 2015 D. R. Artusa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


Neutrinoless double-beta (0) decay is a hypothesized lepton-number-violating process that offers the only known means of asserting the possible Majorana nature of neutrino mass. The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is an upcoming experiment designed to search for 0 decay of 130Te using an array of 988 TeO2 crystal bolometers operated at 10 mK. The detector will contain 206 kg of 130Te and have an average energy resolution of 5 keV; the projected 0 decay half-life sensitivity after five years of livetime is 1.6 × 1026 y at 1 (9.5 × 1025 y at the 90% confidence level), which corresponds to an upper limit on the effective Majorana mass in the range 40–100 meV (50–130 meV). In this paper, we review the experimental techniques used in CUORE as well as its current status and anticipated physics reach.