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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2016, Article ID 8089142, 10 pages
Research Article

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Induced by Condensates

Dipartimento di Fisica E.R. Caianiello and INFN Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Universitá di Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy

Received 3 May 2016; Revised 23 July 2016; Accepted 18 August 2016

Academic Editor: Juan José Sanz-Cillero

Copyright © 2016 Antonio Capolupo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


It is shown that the vacuum condensate induced by many phenomena behaves as a perfect fluid which, under particular conditions, has zero or negative pressure. In particular, the condensates of thermal states of fields in curved space and of mixed particles have been analyzed. It is shown that the thermal states with the cosmic microwave radiation temperature and the Unruh and the Hawking radiations give negligible contributions to the critical energy density of the universe, while the thermal vacuum of the intercluster medium could contribute to the dark matter, together with the vacuum energy of fields in curved space-time and of mixed neutrinos. Moreover, a component of the dark energy can be represented by the vacuum of axion-like particles mixed with photons and superpartners of neutrinos. The formal analogy among the systems characterized by the condensates can open new scenarios in the possibility of detecting the dark components of the universe in table top experiments.