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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 8347408, 9 pages
Research Article

Azimuthal Anisotropy in High-Energy Nuclear Collision: An Approach Based on Complex Network Analysis

Deepa Ghosh Research Foundation, Kolkata 700031, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Susmita Bhaduri; ni.noitadnuofgd@irudahbs.atimsus

Received 25 October 2017; Revised 19 December 2017; Accepted 15 January 2018; Published 11 February 2018

Academic Editor: Edward Sarkisyan-Grinbaum

Copyright © 2018 Susmita Bhaduri and Dipak Ghosh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


Recently, a complex network based method of visibility graph has been applied to confirm the scale-freeness and presence of fractal properties in the process of multiplicity fluctuation. Analysis of data obtained from experiments on hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus interactions results in values of Power of Scale-Freeness of Visibility Graph (PSVG) parameter extracted from the visibility graphs. Here, the relativistic nucleus-nucleus interaction data have been analysed to detect azimuthal anisotropy by extending the visibility graph method and extracting the average clustering coefficient, one of the important topological parameters, from the graph. Azimuthal-distributions corresponding to different pseudorapidity regions around the central pseudorapidity value are analysed utilising the parameter. Here we attempt to correlate the conventional physical significance of this coefficient with respect to complex network systems, with some basic notions of particle production phenomenology, like clustering and correlation. Earlier methods for detecting anisotropy in azimuthal distribution were mostly based on the analysis of statistical fluctuation. In this work, we have attempted to find deterministic information on the anisotropy in azimuthal distribution by means of precise determination of topological parameter from a complex network perspective.