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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2018, Article ID 9840351, 7 pages
Review Article

Quantum Vacuum, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, and Spontaneous Supersymmetry Breaking

Dipartimento di Fisica E.R. Caianiello and INFN Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Universitá di Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Antonio Capolupo;

Received 11 August 2017; Revised 19 October 2017; Accepted 5 February 2018; Published 10 April 2018

Academic Editor: Hernando Quevedo

Copyright © 2018 Antonio Capolupo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


We study the behavior of the vacuum condensates characterizing many physical phenomena. We show that condensates due to thermal states, to fields in curved space, and to neutrino mixing, may represent new components of the dark matter, whereas the condensate due to axion-photon mixing can contribute to the dark energy. Moreover, by considering a supersymmetric framework, we show that the nonzero energy of vacuum condensates may induce a spontaneous supersymmetry breaking.