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Advances in High Energy Physics
Volume 2019, Article ID 2635917, 27 pages
Review Article

Steady States, Thermal Physics, and Holography

Theory Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, HBNI, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Arnab Kundu; moc.liamg@udnuk.banra

Received 16 November 2018; Accepted 20 January 2019; Published 6 March 2019

Guest Editor: Cynthia Keeler

Copyright © 2019 Arnab Kundu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The publication of this article was funded by SCOAP3.


It is well known that a Rindler observer measures a nontrivial energy flux, resulting in a thermal description in an otherwise Minkowski vacuum. For systems consisting of large number of degrees of freedom, it is natural to isolate a small subset of them and engineer a steady state configuration in which these degrees of freedom act as Rindler observers. In Holography, this idea has been explored in various contexts, specifically in exploring the strongly coupled dynamics of a fundamental matter sector, in the background of adjoint matters. In this article, we briefly review some features of this physics, ranging from the basic description of such configurations in terms of strings and branes, to observable effects of this effective thermal description.