Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Multimedia
Volume 2012, Article ID 129517, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/129517
Research Article

Protecting H.264/AVC Data-Partitioned Video Streams over Broadband WiMAX

School of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK

Received 16 April 2012; Revised 6 July 2012; Accepted 6 July 2012

Academic Editor: Martin Reisslein

Copyright © 2012 Laith Al-Jobouri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Raychaudhuri and N. B. Mandayam, “Frontiers of wireless and mobile communications,” IEEE Proceedings, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 824–840, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. G. Andrews, A. Ghosh, and R. Muhammed, Fundamentals of WiMAX: Understanding Broadband Wireless Networking, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 2007.
  3. T. Stockhammer, P. Fröjdh, I. Sodagar, and S. Rhyu, “Information technology—MPEG systems technologies—Part 6: Dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP (DASH),” ISO/IEC MPEG Draft International Standard, 2011.
  4. H. Kalva, V. Adzic, and B. Furht, “Comparing MPEG AVC and SVC for adaptive HTTP streaming,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, pp. 160–161, 2012.
  5. L. Al-Jobouri, M. Fleury, and M. Ghanbari, “Adaptive rateless coding for data-partitioned video streaming over a broadband wireless channel,” in Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Wireless Advanced (WiAD '10), p. 6, June 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Al-Jobouri, M. Fleury, and M. Ghanbari, “Error-resilient IPTV for an IEEE 802.16e channel,” Wireless Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 70–79, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Razavi, M. Fleury, M. Altaf, H. Sammak, and M. Ghanbari, “H.264 video streaming with data-partitioning and growth codes,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '09), pp. 909–912, November 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Shokrollahi, “Raptor codes,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 2551–2567, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Stockhammer and M. Bystrom, “H.264/AVC data partitioning for mobile video communication,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '04), pp. 545–548, October 2004. View at Scopus
  10. S. Mys, P. Lambert, and W. De Neve, “SNR scalability in H.264/AVC using data partitioning,” in Proceedings of the Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, pp. 329–338, 2006.
  11. O. I. Hillestad, A. Perkis, V. Genc, S. Murphy, and J. Murphy, “Adaptive H.264/MPEG-4 SVC video over IEEE 802.16 broadband wireless networks,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Packet Video Workshop, pp. 26–35, November 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Schwarz, D. Marpe, and T. Wiegand, “Overview of the scalable video coding extension of the H.264/AVC standard,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1103–1120, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. H. Juan, H. C. Huang, C. Huang, and T. Chiang, “Cross-layer mobile WiMAX MAC designs for the H.264/AVC scalable video coding,” Wireless Networks, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 113–123, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Casasempere, P. Sanchez, T. Villameriel, and J. Del Ser, “Performance evaluation of H.264/MPEG-4 scalable video coding over IEEE 802.16e networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting (BMSB '09), pp. 1–6, May 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Stockhammer, “Is fine granular scalable video coding beneficial for wireless video applications?” in Proceedings of the EEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, vol. 1, pp. 193–196, 2003.
  16. S. Wenger, “H.264/AVC over IP,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 645–656, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. M. Hannuksela, Y. K. Wang, and M. Gabbouj, “Isolated regions in video coding,” IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 259–267, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Bormann, C. Burmeister, M. Degermark et al., “RObust Header Compression (ROHC): framework and four profiles: RTP, UDP, ESP, and uncompressed,” IETF RFC 3095, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  19. Y. Dhondt, S. Mys, K. Vermeirsch, and R. Van de Walle, “Constrained inter prediction: removing dependencies between different data partitions,” in Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Visual Systems, pp. 720–731, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  20. C. M. T. Calafate and M. P. Malumbres, “Evaluation of the H.264 codec,” Tech. Rep. DISCA-UPV-2003, Universidad Politecnica Valencia, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  21. W. Rabiner, M. Budagavi, and R. Talluri, “Proposed extensions to DMIF for supporting unequal error protection of MPEG-4 video over H.324 mobile networks,” in ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11, Doc. M4135, MPEG Atlantic City Meeting, October 1998.
  22. S. T. Worrall, S. N. Fabri, A. H. Sadka, and A. M. Kondoz, “Prioritisation of data partitioned MPEG-4 video over mobile networks,” European Transactions on Telecommunications, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 169–174, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Barmada, M. M. Ghandi, E. V. Jones, and M. Ghanbari, “Prioritized transmission of data partitioned H.264 video with hierarchical QAM,” IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 577–580, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. H. Yang, D. Shen, and V. O. K. Li, “UEP for video transmission in space-time coded OFDM systems,” in Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE INFOCOM '04), pp. 1200–1210, March 2004. View at Scopus
  25. A. Albanese, J. Blömer, J. Edmonds, M. Luby, and M. Sudan, “Priority encoding transmission,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1737–1744, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. E. Mohr, E. A. Riskin, and R. E. Ladner, “Unequal loss protection: graceful degradation of image quality over packet erasure channels through forward error correction,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 819–828, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Luby, T. Stockhammer, and M. Watson, “IPTV systems, standards and architectures: part II—application layer FEC In IPTV services,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 94–101, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. ITU-T Rec. Y.1541, “Internet Protocol Aspects—Quality of Service and Network Performance: Network Performance Objectives for IP-Based Services,” 2002. View at Google Scholar
  29. ETSI TS 102 034 v1.3.1, “Transport of MPEG 2 Transport Stream (TS) Based DVB Services over IP Based Networks,” DVB Blue Book A086rev5, October 2007.
  30. 3GPP TS26.346, “Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS): Protocols and Codecs,” December 2005.
  31. M. Luby, “LT codes,” in Proceedings of the 34rd Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, pp. 271–280, November 2002. View at Scopus
  32. F. C. D. Tsai, J. Chen, C.-W. Chang, W.-J. Lien, C.-H. Hung, and J.-H. Sum, “The design and implementation of WiMAX module for ns-2 Simulator,” in Proceedings of the Workshop on ns2: The IP Network Simulator (WNS2 '06), article no. 5, 2006.
  33. IEEE, “802.16e-2005, IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks. Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” 2005.
  34. C. Jiao, L. Schwiebert, and B. Xu, “On modeling the packet error statistics in bursty channels,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, pp. 534–541, 2002.
  35. Y. J. Liang, J. G. Apostolopoulos, and B. Girod, “Analysis of packet loss for compressed video: effect of burst losses and correlation between error frames,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 861–874, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. Marpe, T. Wiegand, and S. Gordon, “H.264/MPEG4-AVC fidelity range extensions: tools, profiles, performance, and application areas,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '05), vol. 1, pp. 593–596, September 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. Bing, 3D and HD Broadband Video Streaming, Artech House, Boston, Mass, USA, 2010.
  38. R. M. Schreier and A. Rothermel, “Motion adaptive intra refresh for low-delay video coding,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE '06), pp. 453–454, January 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. V. Varsa, M. Hannuksela, and Y. K. Wang, “Non-normative error concealment algorithms,” in Proceedings of the 14th Meeting of ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group, 2001, doc.VCEG-N62.
  40. S. Wenger and T. Stockhammer, “H.26L over IP and H.324 framework,” in Proceedings of the 14th Meeting of ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group, Santa Barbara, Calif, USA, 2001, doc. VCEG-N52.
  41. J. C. Ye and Y. Chen, “Flexible data partitioning mode for streaming video,” in Proceedings of the 4th Meeting of Joint Video Team (JVT '02), July 2002, doc. JVT-D136.
  42. T. Stockhammer, “Independent data partitions A and B,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting of Joint Video Team (JVT '02), May 2002, doc. VT-C132.
  43. G. Sullivan, “Seven steps toward a more robust codec design,” in Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting of Joint Video Team (JVT '02), May 2002, doc. JVT-C117.
  44. S. Nazir, D. Vukobratovic, and V. Stankovic, “Expanding window random linear codes for data partitioned H.264 video transmission over DVB-H network,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, pp. 2205–2208, 2011.
  45. G. Côté and F. Kossentini, “Optimal intra coding of blocks for robust video communication over the Internet,” Signal Processing: Image Communication, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 25–34, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. M. Luby, T. Gasiba, T. Stockhammer, and M. Watson, “Reliable multimedia download delivery in cellular broadcast networks,” IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 235–246, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. R. Palanki and J. S. Yedidia, “Rateless codes on noisy channels,” in Proceedings of theIEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, p. 37, July 2004. View at Scopus
  48. J. T. Chien, G. L. Li, and M. J. Chen, “Effective error concealment algorithm of whole frame loss for H.264 video coding standard by recursive motion vector refinement,” IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 1689–1695, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. K. Bandyopadhyay, Z. Wu, P. Pandit, and J. M. Boyce, “An error concealment scheme for entire frame losses for H.264/AVC,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Sarnoff Symposium, pp. 1–4, March 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus