Table of Contents
Advances in Molecular Biology
Volume 2015, Article ID 507684, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/507684
Research Article

Identification and Characterization of Ectomycorrhizal Cortinarius Species (Agaricales, Basidiomycetes) from Temperate Kashmir Himalaya, India, by ITS Barcoding

1Biological Invasions Research Lab, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Hazratbal, Srinagar 190006, India
2Department of Biotechnology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190006, India

Received 25 July 2014; Revised 14 November 2014; Accepted 24 November 2014

Academic Editor: Bruno Senger

Copyright © 2015 Zahoor Ahmad Itoo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. E. Smith and D. J. Read, Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, Academic Press, London, UK, 3rd edition, 2008.
  2. M. J. Kemppainen and A. G. Pardo, “Nitrogen metabolism in ectomycorrhizal fungi: fHANT-AC gene regulation in Laccaria bicolor,” in Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, A. Mendez Vilas, Ed., Formatex, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. Z. A. Itoo and Z. A. Reshi, “The multifunctional role of ectomycorrhizal associations in forest ecosystem processes,” The Botanical Review, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 371–400, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Z. A. Itoo and Z. A. Reshi, “Influence of ectomycorrhizal inoculation on Pinus wallichiana and Cedrus deodara seedlings under nursery conditions,” Frontiers in Biology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 82–88, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. W. Simard, M. D. Jones, D. M. Durall, D. A. Perry, D. D. Myrold, and R. Molina, “Reciprocal transfer of carbon isotopes between ectomycorrhizal Betula papyrifera and Pseudotsuga menziesii,” New Phytologist, vol. 137, no. 3, pp. 529–542, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. C. Rinaldi, O. Comandini, and T. W. Kuyper, “Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity: separating the wheat from the chaff,” Fungal Diversity, vol. 33, pp. 1–45, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. B. Matheny, J. M. Curtis, V. Hofstetter et al., “Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview,” Mycologia, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 982–995, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. Watling and S. P. Abraham, “Ectomycorrhizal fungi of Kashmir forests,” Mycorrhiza, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 81–87, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. D. Sette, M. R. Z. Passarini, C. Delarmelina, F. Salati, and M. C. T. Duarte, “Molecular characterization and antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi from coffee plants,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 1185–1195, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. U. Peintner, M. M. Moser, K. A. Thomas, and P. Manimohan, “First records of ectomycorrhizal Cortinarius species (Agaricales, Basidiomycetes) from tropical India and their phylogenetic position based on rDNA ITS sequences,” Mycological Research, vol. 107, no. 4, pp. 485–494, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. A. Itoo, Z. A. Reshi, and K. I. Andrabi, “Characterization and identification of Russula firmula and Russula postiana from Himalayan moist temperate forests of Kashmir,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 12, pp. 3643–3647, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  12. U. Peintner, N. L. Bougher, M. A. Castellano et al., “Multiple origins of sequestrate fungi related to Cortinarius (Cortinariaceae),” American Journal of Botany, vol. 88, no. 12, pp. 2168–2179, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J.-M. Moncalvo, F. M. Lutzoni, S. A. Rehner, J. Johnson, and R. Vilgalys, “Phylogenetic relationships of agaric fungi based on nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA sequences,” Systematic Biology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 278–305, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. S. Atri, A. Kaur, and H. Kaur, “Wild mushrooms—collection and identification,” Mushroom Research, vol. 14, pp. 56–59, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  15. D. G. Higgins, A. J. Bleasby, and R. Fuchs, “CLUSTAL V: improved software for multiple sequence alignment,” Computers and Applied Bioscience, vol. 8, pp. 189–191, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  16. K. Tamura, D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei, and S. Kumar, “MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 2731–2739, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  17. J. Felsenstein, PHYLIP—Phylogenetic Inference Package, Version 3.5c. Computer Programs Distributed by the Author, Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash, USA, 1995.
  18. J. Felsenstein, “Confidence intervals on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap,” Evolution, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 783–791, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. F. A. Avin, S. Bhassu, T. Y. Shin, and V. Sabaratnam, “Molecular classification and phylogenetic relationships of selected edible Basidiomycetes species,” Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 7355–7364, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. S. Siddiquee, S. G. Tan, U. K. Yusuf, N. H. N. Fatihah, and M. M. Hasan, “Characterization of Malaysian Trichoderma isolates using random amplified microsatellites (RAMS),” Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 715–722, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. A. Nauman, M. Navarro-González, O. Sánchez-Hernández, P. J. Hoegger, and U. Kües, “Correct identification of wood-inhabiting fungi by ITS analysis,” Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy, vol. 1, pp. 41–61, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  22. R. H. Nilsson, E. Kristiansson, M. Ryberg, N. Hallenberg, and K.-H. Larsson, “Intraspecific ITS variability in the kingdom Fungi as expressed in the international sequence databases and its implications for molecular species identification,” Evolutionary Bioinformatics, vol. 2008, no. 4, pp. 193–201, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. White, T. Bruns, S. Lee, and J. Taylor, “Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics,” in PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications, pp. 315–332, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  24. C. Kulmann, S. J. Kim, S. S. Lee, and C. Harms, “A reliable ‘Direct from Field’ PCR method for identification of mycorrhizal fungi from associated roots,” Mycobiology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 196–199, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. J. S. Lee, M. O. Lim, K. Y. Cho, J. H. Cho, S. Y. Chang, and D. H. Nam, “Identification of medicinal mushroom species based on nuclear large subunit rDNA sequences,” Journal of Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Hortal, J. Pera, L. Galipienso, and J. Parladé, “Molecular identification of the edible ectomycorrhizal fungus Lactarius deliciosus in the symbiotic and extraradical mycelium stages,” Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 123–134, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  27. M. Iotti and A. Zambonelli, “A quick and precise technique for identifying ectomycorrhizas by PCR,” Mycological Research, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 60–65, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus