Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 704875, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/704875
Research Article

A Study on the Association between Low Maternal Serum Magnesium Level and Preterm Labour

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria

Received 7 January 2014; Revised 18 March 2014; Accepted 24 March 2014; Published 13 April 2014

Academic Editor: Anthony H. Taylor

Copyright © 2014 Kehinde S. Okunade et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. March of Dimes, “Healthy babies, healthy business,” 2009, http://www.marchofdimes.com/hbhb/.
  2. March of Dimes, “Premature birth,” 2009, http://www.marchofdimes.com/prematurity/21191.asp.
  3. M. J. N. C. Kierse, “New perspectives for the effective treatment of preterm labour,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 173, pp. 618–628, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. L. Goldenberg, J. F. Culhane, J. D. Iams, and R. Romero, “Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth,” The Lancet, vol. 371, no. 9606, pp. 75–84, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Arius, “Preterm labour,” in Practical Guide to High Risk Pregnancy and Delivery, pp. 71–99, Mosby-Year Book, Mosby, Mo, USA, 2nd edition, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  6. Institute of Medicine, Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, USA, 2006.
  7. P. L. Hofman, F. Regan, W. E. Jackson et al., “Premature birth and later insulin resistance,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 21, pp. 2179–2186, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. M. Moutquin, D. Cabrol, N. M. Fisk, A. H. MacLennan, K. Maršál, and J. Rabinovici, “Effectiveness and safety of the oxytocin antagonist atosiban versus beta-adrenergic agonists in the treatment of preterm labour,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 133–142, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Lumley, “Defining the problem: the epidemiology of preterm birth,” International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 110, no. 20, pp. 3–7, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. L. Peacock, J. M. Bland, and H. R. Anderson, “Preterm delivery: effects of socioeconomic factors, psychological stress, smoking, alcohol, and caffeine,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 311, no. 7004, pp. 531–536, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. W. Martin, K. G. Perry Jr., W. Hess, J. N. Martin Jr., and J. C. Morrison, “Oral magnesium and the prevention of preterm labor in a high-risk group of patients,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 166, no. 1, pp. 144–147, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. G. Crane, B. A. Armson, L. Dodds, R. F. Feinberg, W. Kennedy, and S. A. Kirkland, “Risk scoring, fetal fibronectin, and bacterial vaginosis to predict preterm delivery,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 517–522, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Goffinet, “Primary predictors of preterm labour,” International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 112, supplement 1, pp. 38–47, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. R. Shahid, A. U. Hosna, and H. Z. Tahmina, “Hypomagnesaemia in pregnancy: a predictor of preterm labour,” Journal of Dhaka Medical College, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 51–57, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  15. S. Kamal, A. Sharan, U. Kumar, and S. K. Shahi, “Serum magnesium level in preterm labour,” Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 271–273, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. P. Elliot, “Magnesium sulfate as a tocolytic agent,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 277–284, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Watras, “Effects of Mg2+ on calcium accumulation by two fractions of sarcoplasmic reticulum from rabbit skeletal muscle,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Biomembranes, vol. 812, no. 2, pp. 333–344, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. R. Spisso, G. M. Harbert Jr., and S. Thiagarajah, “The use of magnesium sulfate as the primary tocolytic agent to prevent premature delivery,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 142, no. 7, pp. 840–845, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. A. Begum and T. R. Das, “Low serum magnesium in preterm labour,” Journal of Bangladesh College of Physicians and Surgeons, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 85–91, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  20. D. A. Grimes and K. Nanda, “Magnesium sulfate tocolysis: time to quit,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 986–989, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. J. Schlesselman, “Sample size requirements in cohort and case-control studies of disease,” The American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 381–384, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. A. Oyedeji, “Socioeconomic status and cultural background of hospitalized children in Ilesa,” Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 111–117, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  23. “Magnesium colorimetric method,” CHEMHOUSE, INS 069-1/2, 2005.
  24. N. Tietz, Textbook of Clinical Chemistry, WB Saunders, 1986.
  25. The SPSS System for Windows [Computer Program] Version 17, SPSS Institute Inc, Cary, NC, USA, 2008.
  26. R. B. Kurzal, “Serum magnesium level in pregnancy and in preterm labour,” The American Journal of Perinatology, vol. 8, pp. 119–127, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  27. D. Pushpo and W. M. A. Jagdish, “A study of serum magnesium level in preterm labour,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India, vol. 41, pp. 269–273, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  28. H. Begum, L. Shamsuddin, and S. Khatun, “Relationship of preterm labour with serum magnesium level,” Bangladesh Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 3–6, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  29. R. Smolarczyk, J. Wójcicka-Jagodzińska, E. Romejko, P. Piekarski, K. Czajkowski, and J. Teliga, “Calcium-phosphorus-magnesium homeostasis in women with threatened preterm delivery,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Wójcicka-Jagodzińska, E. Romejko, P. Piekarski, K. Czajkowski, R. Smolarczyk, and T. Lipiński, “Second trimester calcium-phosphorus-magnesium homeostasis in women with threatened preterm delivery,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 121–125, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. M. Arikan, T. Panzitt, F. Gücer et al., “Course of maternal serum magnesium levels in low-risk gestations and in preterm labor and delivery,” Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 332–336, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. Han, C. A. Crowther, and V. Moore, “Magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labour,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 7, Article ID CD000940, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. A. Crowther, J. E. Hiller, and L. W. Doyle, “Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labour,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 4, Article ID CD001060, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. Cunningham, K. Leveno, S. Bloom, J. Hauth, L. Gilstrap, and K. Wenstrom, Williams Obstetrics, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 20th edition, 2005.
  35. S. Kamal, A. Sharan, U. Kumar, and S. K. Shahi, “Serum magnesium level in preterm labour,” Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 271–273, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. A. Carr-Hill and M. H. Hall, “The repetition of spontaneous preterm labour,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 92, no. 9, pp. 921–928, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus