Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 959014, 8 pages
Research Article

Orography-Induced Gravity Wave Drag Parameterization in the Global WRF: Implementation and Sensitivity to Shortwave Radiation Schemes

1Department of Atmospheric Sciences and Global Environment Laboratory, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea
2Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
3Marine Meteorology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey, CA 93943, USA

Received 24 December 2009; Accepted 24 March 2010

Academic Editor: Hann-Ming Henry Juang

Copyright © 2010 Hyeyum Hailey Shin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper describes the implementation of the orographic gravity wave drag (GWDO) processes induced by subgrid-scale orography in the global version of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The sensitivity of the model simulated climatology to the representation of shortwave radiation and the addition of the GWDO processes is investigated using the Kim-Arakawa GWDO parameterization and the Goddard, RRTMG (Rapid Radiative Transfer Model for GCMs), and Dudhia shortwave radiation schemes. This sensitivity study is a part of efforts of selecting the physics package that can be useful in applying the WRF model to global and seasonal configuration. The climatology is relatively well simulated by the global WRF; the zonal mean zonal wind and temperature structures are reasonably represented with the Kim-Arakawa GWDO scheme using the Goddard and RRTMG shortwave schemes. It is found that the impact of the shortwave radiation scheme on the modeled atmosphere is pronounced in the upper atmospheric circulations above the tropopause mainly due to the ozone heating. The scheme that excludes the ozone process suffers from a distinct cold bias in the stratosphere. Moreover, given the improper thermodynamic environment conditions by the shortwave scheme, the role of the GWDO process is found to be limited.